THE SHRINKING NATION – PAKISTAN

How a country can diminish from its size, a future study of a history lesson for the world.  The country that destructs itself and soon to be smaller in size without any country’s invasion.  The destruction bus that Pakistan drives now will take to the destination of destruction, possibly in another two to three years, maybe lessor to that.  It is to split in a way that Pakistan will become in three to four parts.  The possible break-ups would be like this, Balochistan, Sindh(Desh), Punjab and KPK. 

Though the KPK region is not demanding any separation from present Pakistan, years-prolong agitation of a separate country for Balochistan and Sindh is going on to date, although Pakistan is subjugating the agitating people of these regions.  The people of Pathans in Afghanistan – a neighbouring country of Pakistan is on the side of KPK which is populated predominantly by the same Pathans, might show interest in merging with Afghanistan later as both are of the same ethnicity.  In that case, Punjab alone remains as future land for Pakistan.

As Pakistan is in a self-destructing mode in a phased manner is an example to learn for all poor and developing countries.  Anyway, Pakistan will not introspect this, come let us see how they wedged in this destructive mode.  The very reason for this is their politicians and religious fanatism. 

As a matter of reality, Pakistan has no history, culturally, geographically or in any other means. The culture they have is originally an Indian culture which was mixed-up with Arabic Islamic culture.  The region that comprises the modern state of Pakistan was the realm of multiple empires and dynasties that were ruled by Hindu kings once.  Of late, these dynasties were invaded by Islamic invaders wherein the majority of people were Hindus, and they were forcefully converted to Islam by hook or by crook, even they failed some of the places as there was huge resistance. All unconverted Hindus were either sent back to India or killed in the post-independence exchange of religious people between newborn Pakistan and ancient India. Thousands of Lakhs of people were killed by religious fanatics in this exchange of people, most of them were Hindus.  India, the country known for its patience, watching this bloodshed helplessly not because India did not have the capability to stop but the poor political will at that time.

The forcefully taken piece of land was named Pakistan.  There was no land in the name of Pakistan before 1947.  Nowhere in the world, you find a country that was born with a new name without any cultural or geographic identity, except Pakistan.  It is a strange way of creating Pakistan by the British people from United India.  When Britishers were to leave India, they made the damage of breaking India with a piece of land – named Pakistan. The piece of land of Pakistan was given based on a religion called Islam.  The Indian independence struggle and creation of Pakistan are not our subject matter now, hence let’s back to the subject matter.

Although Pakistan was sufficiently funded during the separation, Pakistan made a habit of seeking alms to other developed countries.  Pakistan had the cleverness to get several economical supports from developed countries, but they did not properly utilize the funds for the development of Pakistan.  Unfortunately, most of the funds were eaten away by the corrupted army and politicians and misused for the destruction of neighbouring countries.

This new-born Pakistan consisted of provinces of East Bengal (present Bangladesh), the North-West Frontier Province (KPK), West Punjab and Sindh then and independent new-born Pakistan powered by the army and sufficient fund, started attaching un-joined dynasties within and around its Statehood with respect to Muslim majority of the population, either by threatening or invasion.  Such an invasion they took on Balochistan – an independent country which was attached with Pakistan.  Since then, till today the Balochistan people struggle for their freedom.  Balochistan’s rich natural resources were used for the benefit of the Punjab province of Pakistan mostly as this province is predominantly ruling Pakistan in the political cadre and army cadre as well.  The poor Baloch army could not defend the Pakistan army as the Baloch army then, was not strong enough to do so.  The taste of this victory developed an inherent arrogance to Pakistan Army that they could such action any other neighbouring countries also.

Pakistan tried such attacks on its neighbouring country – India, the country from where they separated.  They tried their mischievous activities in the Indian part of Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir. Whether it is a war or any other mischievous activities, Pakistan lost all to India apart from a few damages on the Indian side.

The first war took place in 1947 soon after the independence of both India and Pakistan.  This started in October 1947 when Pakistan feared that the Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir would accede to India.  There was a reason for this because princely states were left to choose whether to join India or Pakistan or to remain independent.  Jammu and Kashmir, the largest of the princely states in united India, had a majority Muslim population and a significant Hindu population, all ruled by the Hindu Maharaja Hari Singh. Tribal Islamic forces with support from the army of Pakistan attacked and occupied parts of the princely state forcing the Maharaja to sign the Instrument of Accession of the princely state to the Dominion of India to receive Indian military aid and thus India stabilized law and order in J&K.  However, Pakistan gained control over one-third of Kashmir consists with Gilgit–Baltistan region. 

This led to a long-running dispute over Kashmir and cross-border terrorism in India sponsored by Pakistan.  A dispute case was filed in the UN by both nations.  A line was made between the regions of Pakistan’s control (POK) and Indian Administered Kashmir called ‘Line of Control’ (LOC) by the UN Security Council through Resolution.  The LOC does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary but serves as the de facto border.

The second war started in 1965 following Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar, which was designed to infiltrate forces into Jammu and Kashmir to precipitate an insurgency against rule by India. India retaliated by launching a full-scale military attack on West Pakistan (present Pakistan).  India had the upper hand over Pakistan when the ceasefire was declared.  The invading Indian forces outfought against Pakistan and halted their attack on the outskirts of Lahore, Pakistan’s second-largest city. By the time United Nations intervened on 22 September, Pakistan had suffered a clear defeat.

Surprisingly, the Indian army which captured around 15,010 square kilometres (5,795 square miles) of Pakistan territory (land gained by India in Pakistani Punjab and Sindh sectors were returned to Pakistan as India wanted to show the world her gesture of goodwill.

The third war in 1971 was unique in the way that it did not involve the issue of Kashmir but was rather precipitated by the crisis created by the political battle brewing between erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and West Pakistan (now Pakistan).  The Bengal Muslims are not only separated geographically but also culturally.  West Pakistan considered the people of East Pakistan as second-class citizens and their application of Islam as ‘inferior and impure’. West Pakistan began a military crackdown on the Bengal Muslims and on 25 March 1971, the Pakistani Army launched ‘Operation Searchlight’ with heading General Tikka Khan, the “Butcher of Bengal” for his role in Operation Searchlight.  It is estimated that 7,000 people had been killed and 3,000 arrested that night.  Hindus, hunted from village to village and door to door, shot off-hand after a cursory ‘short-arm inspection’ showed they were uncircumcised.  Lt. Colonel Aziz Ahmed Khan reported that in May 1971 there was a written order to kill Hindus and that General Niazi would ask troops how many Hindus they had killed. 

During this nine-month-long Bangladesh War for Liberation, members of the Pakistani military and supporting pro-Pakistani Islamist militias from the Jamaat-e-Islami party killed between 200,000 and 3,000,000 people and raped between 200,000 and 400,000 Bengali women.  This genocide helped the world opinion against Pakistan and decisively encouraged the Government of India to intervene.  Unfortunately, US President Richard Nixon viewed Pakistan as a Cold War ally, therefore, refused to condemn its actions.  Nixon and China tried to suppress reports of genocide to the rest of the world.  The worst part happened when the US government secretly encouraged the shipment of weapons from Iran, Turkey, and Jordan to Pakistan and reimbursed those countries for them despite Congressional objections.  The US President Nixon, advised by Henry Kissinger (US Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford), decided to downplay this secret internal advice because he wanted to protect the interests of Pakistan as he was apprehensive of India’s friendship with the then USSR and he was seeking a closer relationship with China which supported Pakistan.  This war saw the highest number of casualties in any of the India-Pakistan conflicts, as well as the largest number of prisoners of war since the Second World War after the surrender of more than 90,000 Pakistani Army troops.  In the words of one Pakistani author Tariq Ali, “Pakistan lost half its navy, a quarter of its Air Force and a third of its Army.  India released the 90, 000 Prisoners of war as a gesture of goodwill.

The fourth war also known as the Kargil War in early 1999 took place.  Pakistani troops infiltrated across the Line of Control (LoC) and occupied Indian territory mostly in the Kargil district. India responded by launching a major military and diplomatic offensive to drive out the Pakistani infiltrators.  According to the official count, an estimated 75%–80% of the intruded area and nearly all high ground was back under Indian control.  Fearing large-scale escalation in military conflict, the international community increased diplomatic pressure on Pakistan to withdraw forces from remaining Indian territory.  The already fragile Pakistani economy was weakened further in this war.  The then PM Nawaz Sharif later said that over 4,000 Pakistani troops were killed in the operation and that Pakistan had lost the conflict.  Indeed, the war was a major military defeat for the Pakistani Army. 

By now, Pakistan understood that it can never win a direct war with India, it took the other way to hit India, that is ‘to bleed India in 1000 cuts’ by exporting terrorists to India, trained in its soil to destabilize the political and economical status of India. 

Now let’s back to the subject of how Pakistan makes its devastation on its hand. When India and Pakistan took independence in 1947 the economic condition of both countries were almost the same it might be a little better condition with India.

After independence, the Pakistan leaders who took the power to run the country never dreamed of developing their country instead they were always creating enmity with India. In every available chance on the international stage, Pakistan tried to defame India rather than seeking some opportunities to develop the country. 

Pakistan never tried its citizen’s education, never tried its countries development, never tried the development of its economy, never tried to improvise international relations, never tried to maintain a cohesive relationship with its neighbours. 

Their only aim was to destroy the country called India in every possible manner.  For that sake, they went on to any extreme level even putting at the stake of their citizens to train terrorism and send them to India.  When terrorists are caught, they refused to accept them as their citizens despite concrete evidence.  But why does Pakistan do this?  Jealous, yes, it is purely envious behaviour towards India.

Since the independence, Pakistanis were taught by their incapable politicians that their geographical position in the world is so vital that any country from South Asia or Central Asia or Europe needs their support to do business by passing through their region.  Living in this imaginary world, they never tried to literate their children – the future citizens of Pakistan.

There is another reason too.  Being Indian a close ally to the then USSR, the US wanted to maintain its dominance and base for this reason, for which Pakistan was looked at as a partner for their base.  On this basis, enormous funds were poured into Pakistan.  Getting financial support without any difficulty, Pakistan was floating on the waters of ecstasy.   Pakistan never thought that such kind of help will never last long.  No industrial developments, no educational developments, no infrastructural developments were done using such funds.  All funds were eaten away by the politicians and military officials.

Pakistan has never been a politically stabilized country in any given decade.  There were so many coups taken which subsequently destabilized even any small developments that are taking place.

The majority of Pakistani children were not only deprived of proper education but they are also sent to Madrasa – a religious school that teaches Kuran along with hatred thoughts on Indians, projecting Indians as enemies all the time, preaching to the children that Muslims are the only superior beings in the world and Pakistan is the only country in the world to save the Muslims wherever they have been facing any atrocity.

Getting free funds from other countries like the US had stopped.  For the sake of survival, Pakistan began to take a loan from world finance institutions.  Taking a loan is one part, repaying is the other part, Pakistan could not do this.  Airports, Harbours, National properties were mortgaged to repay.

The Muslim countries whom Pakistan was getting funds based on religion, refused to fund further.  More tough times stood ahead of underdeveloped country Pakistan.  Anybody who lives life at the mercy of others’ support, will have to face such a situation one day, so is the case for Pakistan.

Training and exporting terrorism the world over, supporting and giving asylum to fugitive terrorists on their soil.  Aiding, nurturing, and showing sympathy to terrorist activities in other parts of the world, Occupying the neighbouring countries or a part of the land, making atrocities on underprivileged people of its citizen, etc are only development in Pakistan since independence.

The amount being spent on military development and procurement of arms in these years would have been more than sufficient in developing the country.  Pakistan’s a few, well-educated people’s advice for restructuring the nation for a better position, gone into the deaf ears of illiterate, religious fanatic Pakistani politicians and military officials.

The country that was supposed to be in a decent position after the independence by now, is still begging to the world.  Bangladesh, which was separated from Pakistan is a much-developed one now.  Illiterate and un-strategic politicians, greedy military officials, pseudo media which all the time propagate false information caused the decline, defame, destroy of a nation called – Pakistan.

Balaji Canch Sistla

On 25/7/2021 at 9.40 am from Hyderabad, India.

Ref:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instrument_of_Accession

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1971_Bangladesh_genocide

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Pakistani_wars_and_conflicts

Corona – The other side of impact!

Since the pandemic of Covid-19 started at the end of the year 2019, there was one single word that was famous among the general public in the entire world – ‘PANIC’.  Thanks to Media for exaggerating at their best level around the world by spreading the news 24/7 repeatedly in such a way, that everybody in the world should watch it and get panicked.  The Media did its best to spread the panic more, rather than giving awareness to the public or educate them.  The Media was well fed and supported by W.H.O.  as to how the panic is kept intact as maximum possible time.   Well, it is almost one and a half year now and the public around the world is in the same panic and worried of getting infected by Corona.  

Was this really so dreadful?  Are there any means behind spreading the virus or the panic news?  Who are beneficiaries, if so?  What a common man should do or face if he gets infected by Corona?  How Corona patients should be treated socially?  Let’s introspect.

Let’s now discuss, not how it spreads or asymptomatic/symptomatic or the mode of contact, etc., there are plenty of websites and learned people around you to stuff your brain, but let me say about how the infected patients taking this and how others behave with them.

There are 2 phases of feelings in every infected and uninfected people will undergo.  Confused, Panic and feared – thanks to the paid media for their exclusive contribution in this first phase.  This phase usually happens to uninfected people.

Once infected, the second phase of feelings will start such as paucity in taking any decision, kind of shyness or fear to disclose that they are infected, mental agony contributed by relatives and friends in a way of helping, fear of future in case of any untoward things happens to his/her family by him/her, etc.

Confused is the first step in phase 1 in uninfected people.  So much so info from the Media and surrounding people such as friends and relatives every new day they feed new stuff and that subsequently leave the people in confused stage. Once confused, panic will emerge in their minds that whether Corona will hit them.  Every day is a boxing day for them.  Every day they take more care when they deal with the outer world.

The fear gets worsened so high that it will follow them in their day-to-day life too.  Ironically, they never believe the people with whom they were dealing all these years.  They suspect everybody they come across with fear.  This will continue until they get infected.

The actual drama will now start soon after one gets infected.  The time one diagnosed as ‘positive’, the ‘positive attitude’ of the person goes down. The infected person stops to think that what to be done now.  So many thought processes will go in their mind and unable to make any firm decisions.

This will slowly push them into a mental state that how they are going to face society, friends, and relatives.  A kind of shyness or social embarrassment they feel to reveal that they are Covid patients.

Anyway, it is somehow said to near and dear, later one cannot imagine the pouring of advises and suggestions they get.  They volume is so high that they will not get time to think about which is to be considered, whom to be contacted.  Suggestions and advises come like waterfalls that it becomes almost impossible to come out of it.  Although their intend is to help the patients, on the contrary, they might confuse by pouring so many vague ideas.   One is unable to decide what to accept or reject any references they get.  The mental agony of the person in this stage is inexpressible.  Diagnosed as positive and having no clue where to start the treatment, but so much of pouring ideas and suggestions.  Added to that, the fear of the future gets into the mind, what if he/she dies, who will take care of the family, etc.  This stage is tough among all others and relieved so quickly once the treatment starts.

Trust me, Corona doesn’t kill any, but the fear about Corona does.  Corona doesn’t spare any, it will touch everybody in this world.  At any given time, out of 100, if you test, 70% will get positive, without a doubt. A small percentage of people will show most of the symptoms.  Most of the people walk around you with Corona without any symptoms or a few symptoms..  Once you have a strong immunity within you, no virus will harm you.  All we must do now is to enhance or improve the immunity within us. 

Most of the people die in this world every day by Cancer, Malaria, T.B., but not by Corona.  Having said that, why then Corona is given so much priority in the Media?  Why these figures are being shown on priority on TV while other deaths are not while they are much more in real?  Why China, from where this virus spread, did not get as much spread across other parts of China when every country got spread every part of their country?  So many questions need to be answered by WHO and other people concerned in this world’s biggest medical phobia.

The sooner you get Corona and diagnosed early, the quicker your body develops antibody.  There are numerous viruses in this world without any name.  You might have been said by your doctor when you went for treatment for your fever that you have viral fever, and the doctor gives medicines.  You would have also come out treated well someday later, after proper medications.  Such unnamed viruses are going to come more in future also, but why this virus is specifically named and popularized, have you ever thought of this?  Because there is a big commercial scam is taking place in the world and with or without knowing, most of the countries are involved in this.

According to one Dr N. N. Kannappan from Madurai, TN, India (a circulated message received from a social group), the hot water you drink is good for your throat, but this Coronavirus is hidden behind the Paranasal Sinus of your nose for 3 to 4 days, unfortunately the hot water we drink does not reach there.  After 3 to 4 days, the virus that was hidden behind the paranasal sinus reaches your lungs.

Then, you will have trouble in breathing, in the worst cases. That’s why it is very important to take steam, which reaches the back side of your Paranasal Sinus.  You must neutralize this virus in the nose itself with the help of steam.  At 50°C, this virus becomes disabled i.e., paralyzed.  At 60°C this virus becomes so weak that any human immune system can fight against it.  At 70°C this virus neutralized completely.  This is what the steam does.

The entire Public Health Department knows this, but everyone wants to take advantage of this Pandemic, hence they don’t share this information openly, may be they are tied-up by instructions or any other reasons. Of course, a few ‘kind doctors’ surely share this with their patients.  One who stays at home should take steam once a day.  If you go to the market to buy groceries, vegetables etc., take it twice a day.  Anyone who meets some people or goes to office should take steam 3 times a day, steam for a week.  No need to add medicines such as Eucalyptus oil in the hot water, however once in two-three days doesn’t harm you.

According to Dr N. N. Kannappan, Covid-19 can be neutralized by inhaling steam from the nose and mouth, which is eliminating the Coronavirus completely.  If all the people started a ‘steam drive’ campaign for a week, the pandemic will soon end.  If we all adopt this practice for a week the so called ‘deadly Covid-19’ will be erased.  This practice has no side effects and doesn’t cost anything either.

Now tell me, how many of your doctors have said this to you?  Hardly any doctor discloses this.  Well, world has become very commercial very long back.  Every part of your life is now knowingly or unknowingly a commercial aspect of it without your knowledge.  Develop your analytical skill and be a correct decision-maker first time and every time.

Finally, when you get Coronavirus, don’t be panic or scared about it.  It is a natural process of getting, watch the symptoms and treat it at the earlier stage itself and get yourself antibodies naturally.  If no symptoms, don’t worry, even you have the virus in your body, but your body is managing to fight with it.  Meanwhile, try to increase your immune system and do stream daily according to your need.  Watch TV less which propagate more on bad news, less good news.  Corona is not a medical war to accomplish success, but the psychological war to suppress the pseudo-Medias. 

Remember, a strong mind is more important to win the race rather than with a meager body.

Balaji Canchi Sistla

Hyderabad

21-4-2021

Marriage – The union of two!

What is the need for marriage for the human race?  Is that mere mutual physical satisfaction or reproduction of its own?   Perhaps this is what the Westerners think.  Sounds crazy?   Okay, read the following explanation given in the Britannica (website) for marriage.

‘Marriage, a legally and socially sanctioned union, usually between a man and a woman, that is regulated by-laws, rules, customs, beliefs, and attitudes that prescribe the rights and duties of the partners and accords status to their offspring (if any). The universality of marriage within different societies and cultures is attributed to the many basic social and personal functions for which it provides structure, such as sexual gratification and regulation, division of labour between the sexes, economic production and consumption, and satisfaction of personal needs for affection, status and companionship.’

(source: https://www.britannica.com/topic/marriage)

Look at the above definition of marriage by the Westerners.  For them, it is a nexus of two (male and female) legally and socially as per law and accords status to their offspring.  It further says that the universality of marriage is for the satisfaction of personal needs for affection, status and companionship.

For them, maybe it is acceptable of such marriages and perhaps they wanted it in that way.  Will this sound appropriate for everybody in other parts of the world?  No, at least in India and for Hindus, it doesn’t. 

The very meaning of marriage is not a mere merger of two people, according to Hindu tradition.  Allow me to elaborate more on this. (For my international readers, I have made highlighted details of a few rituals that are most important in Hindu marriages, however, it is pretty familiar to Hindus.)

What Hindu system of marriage describes is entirely different from the point of view of Westerners.  According to the Veda – a religious sacred verbal scripture, a marriage is a union between masculine and feminine beings with commitments to pursue ‘Dharma’ (prescribed ethical duty), ‘Artha’ (possessions), ‘Kama’ (physical and other desires) and ‘Moksha’ (the liberation/salvation).  This is, otherwise also called ‘Purusartham’, literally means a goal for humans who took birth in this world.

In ‘Dharma-Kama-Artha-Moksha’, most of the Westerners understand ‘possessions (Artha), Physical and other desires (Kama) and the liberation/salvation (Moksha)’.  These are mostly they undergo in their day-to-day life and of course, liberation/salvation is being taught in their churches.  The typical and confusing Hindu word for them is ‘Dharma’.  Let me try the best way to explain this simply.

The Dharma in the Sanskrit language can be considered as “way of righteousness”.  It is derived from the root word ‘Dhri’ (‘Dhatu’-the root word in Sanskrit), which means to sustain; carry or hold.  The word ‘Dharma’ is used to mean ‘Nyaya’ in Sanskrit or Justice in English, means what is right in a given circumstance, moral values of life, pious obligations of individuals, righteous conduct in every sphere of activity, being helpful to other living beings, giving charity to individuals who are in very need, natural qualities or characteristics or properties of living beings. Dharma is the law that maintains the cosmic order as well as the individual and social order. Dharma sustains human life in harmony with nature. When we follow dharma, we are in conformity with the law that sustains the universe.  Dharma is a multifaceted and all-inclusive term with many meanings which includes Divine Law, Law of Being, Way of Righteousness, Religion, Ethics, Duty, Responsibility, Virtue, Justice, Goodness and Truth (source: http://veda.wikidot.com/dharma).

The possessions of wealth/properties or physical and other desires to be achieved only and only by the prescribed ethical duty i.e., ‘Dharma’.  The couple who leads the life with these qualities will eventually reach the final object of ‘Moksha’ without any doubt.  The all four (‘Dharma-Kama-Artha-Moksha’) are important, however, ‘Dharma’ remains the leader to the following two ‘Artha’ and ‘Kama’ for reaching ‘Moksha’.  Without following ‘Dharma’, one cannot accomplish anything in a righteous way and any such life is meaningless, according to Hinduism.  It is a vast subject and our discussion is only on marriage hence, let’s back to our subject now.

Why marriage is important in the Hindu marriage system?

Every Hindu must marry.  The Veda ordains that “Dharma must be practised by a man together with his wife and offspring.”  For a Hindu, marriage is essential, not only for begetting a son in order to discharge his debt to the ancestors but also for the performance of other religious and spiritual duties. The institution of marriage is considered sacred whereas it is seen as a civil contract by the Westerners.

Hindu marriages are not only the wedding between man and woman, but it also symbolizes mutual love, care, understanding, commitment, sacrifice and surrender by both the partners to each other.

Hindu marriages are not a mere merger between a man and a woman but also it is between two families. That’s why when a Hindu marriage takes place, the elders not only see the matches between the couple but also see the community background of 3 generations back, the financial status between them, education, character of ‘to be married’, family and the religion they belong to. 

It is meaningless to say that inter-caste and inter-religion marriages will wipe-out the ups and downs in society.  Variations and differences in society are inevitable in every part of life, be it individual life or manufacturing products or in nature.  Two lions won’t look alike, there will be surely a difference between them, maybe we cannot see it at first sight.  For that matter, the identical twins won’t be the same.  If you ask the mother of the twins, she will give differences between them.  Let’s back to our topic again.

Every ritual associated with Hindu marriage has a meaning in it. I put a few vital rituals down here for my International readers.

Welcoming the groom and his family

The bride’s family welcomes the groom and his family with ‘Arati’ and sweets (Aarti is a ceremony in which lights are lit and offered up to gods, in general.  However, certain ceremonies like marriages, it is also performed), as a symbol of extending their happiness to them and escorting them to the wedding hall (marriage used be taking place at Bride’s home once, now at rented places) with full of reverence. 

Gowri Pooja

This ritual is done by the bride and offers her prayers to invoke Goddess Gowri Devi, seeking her blessings and Goddess Gowri Devi who is the icon of an ideal wife in ‘Purans’ (one of the religious subjects of Hindus) as the Gowri Devi’s marriage is the symbol of everlasting love.

Mangalya Dharanam

‘Mangalya Dharana(m)’ is another important ritual in Hindu marriage in the auspicious time called ‘Muhurtam’ which is well in advance calculated and informed to relatives and well-wishers.  In some parts of South Indian communities (mostly in Andhra and Karnataka) the ‘Muhurtam’ is set to put ‘Jeelakara and Bellam’ (the mixture Cumin seeds and Jaggery) on the head of the couple by the each other. The very meaning of such tradition is that once the cumin seeds and jaggery are mixed together, it is very difficult to separate.  The couple also should merge in such a way that they become inseparable in life, let death only separate them.  The bride has to wear two Mangalyas, one given by her father and another given by the groom’s father and this is one of the most important events of a Hindu marriage system.

Kanyadanam

Groom will be considered as the personification of Lord Vishnu and bride as Goddess Lakshmi (The divine couples).  The very meaning of ‘Kanyadanam’ is ‘giving away the bride’ which is a symbolic marriage ritual by the bride’s parents. The father of the bride hand-over his daughter’s right-hand to the groom’s right-hand and would request him to accept his daughter as his equal partner.  Listen, the couple is equal to each other in Hindu marriage.

Panigrahanam

The word ‘Pani’ and ‘Grahanam’ mean ‘hand’ and ‘holding’ respectively.  it is another Hindu marriage ritual which depicts the grasping of the bride’s hand by the bridegroom. This ritual is symbolical of taking a girl’s responsibility. It is sacred responsibility as the girl is supposed to be given by his father and the guardian deities who witness the marriage.

Saptapadi

‘Saptapadi’ – the seven steps – are the most important ritual of a Hindu marriage ceremony.  It represents seven steps that the couple takes together. In this ceremony, the bride’s ‘Saree’ (traditional attire for ladies in India) and the groom’s ‘Dhoti’ (traditional attire for gents in India) are tied together at one end in a knot. In each step that he takes, the groom prays for life-long blessings.  After tying the ‘Mangalsutram’, the groom and bride take seven steps around the holy fire, that is called ‘Saptapadi’.

During these seven steps, the seven vows are observed in each step:

– that they would provide a prospered living for the household or the family that they would look after and avoid those that might hinder their healthy living in step-1.

– that they would develop their physical, mental and spiritual powers in order to lead a lifestyle that would be healthy in step-2.

– that the couple promises to earn a living and increase by righteous and proper means so that their materialistic wealth increases manifold in step-3.

– that they pledge to acquire knowledge, happiness and harmony by mutual love, respect, understanding and faith in step-4.

– this is done to have expanded their heredity by having children, for whom, they will be responsible. They also pray to be blessed with healthy, honest and brave children in step-5.

– the bride and the groom pray for self-control of the mind, body and soul and longevity of their marital relationship in step-6.

– when the bride and the groom take the seventh and the last step, they promise that they would be true and loyal to each other and would remain companions and best of friends for the lifetime in step-7.

Arundhati Nakshatram

This is one more important ritual in Hindu marriage where the husband takes the wife and shows her the Arundhati-Vashishta – a pair of stars. Throughout the ‘Puranas’, Arundhati is often quoted for her chastity and single mind devotion towards her husband, Sage Vashishta, one of the much-revered seven sages (Saptharishis) and that is the reason the newly married wife is shown the Arundhati star basically to show her the model wife. 

There is also a scientific reason that explains another fact. That is the star constellation of Arundhati and Vashishta is one in which one star does not revolve around the other instead they both orbit the same centre of mass of theirs.  Hence the star constellation is in other words, being shown, how a husband and wife should be and they should both support each other and travel towards a common goal together instead of one being the centre and other serving them all along. For the last 7000 years to the present day, astronomers have verified the existence of a similar belt with the exact description of the twin star system (Vashista – Arundhati).

No matter how small, every activity in a Hindu marriage is a rich act of imbibing values into the ‘to be a couple’.  One such ritual is the mandatory ‘Arundhati Darshanam (viewing/watching)’ carried out in almost all the wedding ceremonies.

For Hindus, the wife is the ‘Ardhangini’ (half to the man) according to ‘Satapatha Brahmana’ (The Shatapatha Brahmana is a commentary on one of the four Vedas called ‘Śukla Yajurveda’, it is described as the most complete, systematic, and important of the Brahmanas, it contains detailed explanations of Vedic sacrificial rituals, symbolism, and mythology) “The wife is verily the half of the husband. Man is only half, not complete until he marries.”  According to Mahabharata (the great epic of India), by cherishing the woman one virtually cherishes the Goddess of prosperity.  Wife is not only a ‘Grahpatni’ (housewife) but also a ‘Dharmapatni’ (who helps the husband to ‘Dharma’) and ‘Sahadharmini’ (meaning one who is not just equal but complementary in carrying out their role of Dharma). The wife is her husband’s best friend, indeed.

The sacramental aspect of marriage under Hindu Sastra has the following three characteristics.

(1) That it is a sacrament union, which means that marriage is not to gratify one’s physical needs; but is primarily meant for the performance of religious and spiritual duties (Dharma).

(2) a sacramental union implies that a marriage once entered cannot be dissolved on any ground whatsoever.

(3) a sacramental union also means that it is a union of soul, body and mind. It is a union not only for this life but for all lives to come.

The goal of marriage in Hinduism is to foster, not self-interest, but self-restraint and love for the entire family, which keeps the family united and prevents its breakdown.  Arrange marriages in India, especially in Hindus, are hereditary and prevalent.  Hence Hindu marriages are arranged by the parents of the ‘to be couple’ not by the ‘couple’ on their own which is also called as love marriage otherwise. 

16 January 2021

Hyderabad @ 4.05 pm

LEAVING ONE’S OWN CULTURE!

It was my friend who asked once about my opinion on inter-caste marriages (the caste system is the predominant aspect in arranged marriages by the parents in India even today – this info for my international readers).  Forget about inter-caste marriages, even among the same caste marriages but from the different regions has many changes in performing religious rituals and other daily routines.  These kinds of cultural changes are apparent in India when you travel from one region to another.  

India is a diverse country, its people, culture, climate, everything changes every 200-300 kms.  From the snows of the Himalayas of North to hot weather of the far South, from vast deserts of the Western region to the humid conditions of the Eastern regions, the Central region is cool dry weather and cool forest foothills, Indian lifestyles are completely depending on these geographical changes.  People express their feelings in different languages and dialects, they wear dress differently, they love to eat different food, they believe and follow different religions, etc.  All of these changes impact people culturally different.  That is why Indian culture differs like its lengthy geography. 

The term ‘culture’ has a big meaning to dig out.  Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving.

Let’s come back to the question that my friend asked me.   As these differences are spilled across India, how could two persons of the same regions but raised up in different environments (caste) travel successfully?  Even this is unsuccessful if the same caste of people but from different regions or languages joining together – that is what I said to him.

He immediately shot this question that ‘there are people who lead a successful life with such differences, don’t you know this?’.  I know, he might shoot this question instantly soon after I give my opinion.

The point is, it is possible and make successful, only when either one or both of the couple is prepared to sacrifice a few or a lot and their egos and more importantly they should able to tackle diligently the friends and relatives.  These are people most of the time spoil the sport unintentionally in the name of helping them or guiding them.  

Now I took the liberty to ask this question as to ‘why he was keen on this subject?’ ‘Were there any such incidents happen?’  Without hesitation, he busted out what happened in his family.

He has two elder sisters, fortunately both had done love marriage with the same caste and same region.  Having their marriages were based on love, their children took advantage of this, forgetting that they married in the same caste and region.  The game starts now.  The elder sister’s children made the cross-over but successful because they just forgot their maternal side rituals and merged completely with the other side.   This is absolutely a sacrifice and giving up their ego. 

The second sister’s daughter inspired by all these cross-over marriages, followed the same as their seniors did.  The mistake that took place was after the marriage, there was no sacrifice and giving up ego.  That resulted in a crack in their marriage life within 2-3 years, meanwhile they had a child also.  The couple is from a different cultural environment and moreover from different religions too, but of the same region.  The crack gets widen, day by day and they started abusing each other in front of relatives too.  When inter-caste or inter-religion marriages are taking place, the couple doesn’t care the parents and relatives (friends are exceptional in this case, they are the ones always encourage such marriages without understanding the outcome of such marriages.  However, the same friends would have married with their caste people, if you probe this deeply, you will get this).  

When differences are started occurring, now the couple needs parents and relatives.  The Indian parents anyway support their children blindly in most of the cases, but relatives are ones who get into the scene to develop the crack further in the name of compromising or giving foolish suggestions. 

Does it mean that parents and relatives should not interfere in their marriage life when problems arrive?  What is the solution for such indifference marriages then?  The best part relatives can play here is, to arrange a conducive environment for the couple to talk on the issues taken place between them, not to pedal for more threatening relationship.

With increasing complexities in day-to-day marriage life, for that matter, even any other kind of life nowadays, people are eagerly looking for any alternates through which they get some solution for their problems.   We, as relatives, either seriously find some amicable solutions that make couples of such, make their life comfortable and happy, not to meddle for deepening the problems.

Another important aspect in India in the recent past is the emergence of the woman empowerment. Women are predominantly housewives or homemakers then and now in India. the changing perspective of this, in many places, especially metros and other big cities, women are also sharing their shoulders for the responsibility of running a family.   Sometimes, their earnings are challenging for their spouse in many houses.  On such occasions, the male ego would clash with women and that turns to be a big reason for inter-caste and inter-religion marriages.  Having said earlier, where there is a lack of sacrifice and dominance of ego by the spouse(s), there would be definitely an emergence of clash especially marriages of exampled as above.

The very beauty of the Indian people lies in their spirit of tolerance, give-and-take, a composition of cultures, etc.   Ironically, due to the influence of Western culture in India in the late 70s, Indian typical cultural values are diminishing too fast. 

What is important in life is not mere money-making, but living a happy life and happiness doesn’t come by money alone.  Happiness is a matter of mindset; matter of perceiving tough times also in better opportunities.  My grandmother used to say me when I was a very young age that real happiness lies in seeing others happy.  No life would be happy forever, unless there is a place for sacrifice and giving-up egos, be it a same caste/inter-caste/inter-religion/inter-region marriages. 

Cultural changes are not welcome but became inevitable……

Balaji Canchi Sistla

Hyderabad @ 4.30 pm on 31-8-2020

Does the present education system help?

India was one of the most revered education systems of the world, is yet to find a vacuum of lacking skills.

Skill India campaign was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015 to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022

The recent systematic literature review conducted by Cabral and Dhar (2019) has identified the significance of skill development wherein the implementation of such schemes mitigate poverty, utilize demographic dividend, socio-economic empowerment of underprivileged sectors, achieve economic growth, reduce social challenges, and economic inclusion. As far as institutional mechanism is concerned, the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and the scheme – Prime Minister Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) have resulted to achieve considerable results.

The exact result of this campaign was perceived with good results but the reality is yet to be acclaimed.  India the nation of teaching people for other parts of the world, is in search of knowledge today.  Has India missed the bus?   Nope, Indian heritage and legacy were hidden and forbidden to Indians by invaders of this country and that eventually yielded their efforts.

Imagine, Takshasila was the earliest recorded centre of higher learning in India from at least 5th century BCE and it is debatable whether it could be regarded as a university or not. Nalanda was the oldest university-system of education in the world in the modern sense of university.

Where those skills of Indians gone today?

According to the Census of 2011, “every person above the age of 7 years who can read and write with understanding in any language is said to be literate”. According to this criterion, the 2011 survey holds the National Literacy Rate to be around 74.07%. The youth literacy rate, measured within the age group of 15 to 24, is 81.1% (84.4% among males and 74.4% among females), while 86% of boys and 72% of girls are literate in the 10-19 age group.

While seeing these data I recall the forwarded email I received a few years ago.  The source/author is unknown but the incident was really interesting to read.  Let’s discuss further after reading this incident.

CHICKPET is known as the business hub of Bangalore City with more than 1000 shops in the locality. This place is always crowded as people throng to buy clothes, furniture, toys etc., at a wholesale price.

Yesterday, I had been there as part of my educational research to talk to a few shop keepers to understand how they do business and what education has to do to them with regards to their business. During my interaction with many shop keepers in Chickpet, I found that most of them were from Rajasthan. One more interesting thing that I found was that most of them were in their teenage (between 18 and 21).

Out of all, meeting a young 10th std dropout who runs a clothes shop was very interesting. His name is Bramhadev from Rajasthan. I thought of sharing a few of our discussions here.

As I went into the crowded shop as a customer, he greeted me with a great smile calling “Anna banni, en bekithu”. (Meaning: ‘Brother pl. come, what do you want’).

(The conversation was in Kannada; it is translated it as below)

Myself:                 I wanted to check for some nice shirt and pant piece.

Bramhadev:       Tell me, sir, what is the range you are looking at?

Myself:                 You first show me all the clothes, let me choose out of those.

Bramhadev:       Sure sir

He started showing me all his collections.  Meanwhile, during the selection time, I thought of asking him a few questions, which was my only intention.

Myself:                 How did you learn Kannada?

Bramhadev:       Sir, obviously by talking to people.

Myself:                 Well, your Kannada is very fluent!

Bramhadev:       Sir, initially, I found it difficult, but, when I continued speaking to customers, I learnt it on the fly. Now, I speak better than Bangalore Kanndigas. (Laughing loud)

Myself:                 Superb. When did you start this business?

Bramhadev:       Its almost 7 years now. I started it when I failed in my 10th. My uncle got me into this business.

Myself:                 How many languages can you speak?

Brahmadev:       I can speak Hindi, English, Kannada, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam (To an extent).

Myself:                 Oh my God!  How did you learn so many?

Brahmadev:       I told you Sir Customers taught me (Laughs again)

Myself:                 Sorry to ask you, but still out of curiosity, I just wanted to know what would be your monthly turnover?

Brahmadev:       Hmm……, it depends on the festival season. Normally, the turnover would be around 8 – 9 lakhs per month, and during festivals, it will shoot up to 15 lakhs.  Profit up to Rs. 4 lakh per month.

Myself:                 What?  Oh my God, that’s a super number!  Great man!

Brahmadev:       What great sir? In Chickpet, this is very, very less. Others make double than what I do.

Myself:                 Didn’t you feel like completing your education by studying further?

Brahmadev:       Sir, to be honest, none of our family members completed education. To complete my education it might take another 5 – 6 years which I feel is a big waste of time and money. I invested both in my business. Today, I will challenge none of the educated people with 10 years of experience will earn as much as I do. What do you say, sir?

Myself:                 Hmmm…Yes. True. But still, education would have helped you grow more than what you are earning today.

Brahmadev:       Seriously, no sir. Education would give us fear and make us feel that one has to work under someone to earn their livelihood. Education does not teach us to live independently. I also have many friends who studied along with me and completed graduation. None are into business. Almost all are working in some private firm.

Myself:                 Hmm…So you don’t regret completing education?

Bramhadev:       Definitely, no sir. I am very happy.

In between our conversation, another customer had purchased around 20 pairs of shirt and pant, and few Sarees.  Without using a calculator Bramhadev calculated the total cost of the purchase and told the customer the total cost including a 10% discount in just 15 – 20 seconds.

Myself:                 Boss, you don’t even use a calculator?

Bramhadev:       Sir, educated people need a calculator and mobile phones to calculate. Not me (Laughs aloud).

I started smiling and put my head down (because I was using a calculator to calculate the cost of my purchase).

Bramhadev:       I continuously practised calculating. I am doing this for 10 years and I have become perfect now.  I am sure I will never err in my calculation.

After this, I made a purchase and the next whole day, I was thinking about our conversation again and again. I would like to infer what I learnt.

  1. Without higher education, Bramhadev is not jobless. Whereas our today’s graduates with distinction are still in search of a job.
  2. Without higher education, Bramhadev has good communication skills. But, today’s corporate world complains about our graduates for having no communication skills.
  3. Without higher education, Bramhadev earns in lakhs, whereas our current generation graduates complain of not having enough salary to pay their EMIs.
  4. Without higher education, Bramhadev’s mathematical mind works faster than today’s graduates who have cleared different levels of mathematics papers with high scores. Today’s graduates need Mobile Phones to perform a simple calculation.
  5. Without higher education, Bramhadev has no fear of losing his job, but today’s graduate employees are always in fear of getting fired from the company they are working in.

Now, my question in mind is,

“HOW DOES HIGHER EDUCATION HELP ONESELF? DOES STUDYING MORE BRING MORE FEAR IN AN INDIVIDUAL?

It supposed not to be but unfortunately, that is the present scenario if you are still in India after getting a higher education.

After passing the Higher Secondary Examination (the grade 12 examination), students may enrol in general degree programmes such as bachelor’s degree in arts, commerce or science, or professional degree programs such as engineering, law or medicine.  India’s higher education system is the third-largest in the world, after China and the United States.  The main governing body at the tertiary level is the University Grants Commission (India), which enforces its standards, advises the government, and helps coordinate between the centre and the state.  Accreditation for higher learning is overseen by 12 autonomous institutions established by the University Grants Commission.  In India, the education system is reformed. In the future, India will be one of the largest education hubs.

As of 2012 (the following figures could be higher now), India has 152 Central Universities, 316 State Universities, and 191 Private Universities. Other institutions include 33,623 colleges, including 1,800 exclusive women’s colleges, functioning under these universities and institutions and 12748 Institutions offering diploma courses. The emphasis on the tertiary level of education lies in science and technology.  Indian educational institutions by 2004 consisted of a large number of technology institutes.  Distance learning is also a feature of the Indian higher education system.  The Government has launched ‘Rashtriya Uchchattar Shiksha Abhiyan’ (National Higher Education Mission) to provide strategic funding to State higher and technical institutions.  A total of 316 state public universities and 13,024 colleges will be covered under it.

Some institutions of India, such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institute of Science and University of Mumbai have been globally acclaimed for their standard of undergraduate education in engineering. The IITs enrol about 10,000 students annually and the alumni have contributed to both the growth of the private sector and the public sectors of India.  However, the IIT’s have not had a significant impact on fundamental scientific research and innovation. Several other institutes of fundamental research such as the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Harishchandra Research Institute (HRI), are acclaimed for their standard of research in basic sciences and mathematics. However, India has failed to produce world-class universities both in the private sector or the public sector.

Despite such 360-degree coverage of the education system, India is lacking behind only because it does not understand its rich heritage and culture.

Modern education systems, modern technology usages, modern attire all are ok.  These can be parallelly followed along with Indian heritage and culture.  If done so, that will enhance the skill of Indians more and the result of the present ‘Skill Development Campaign’ would harvest much more.

The prime responsibility is lies-on parents and teachers.  A skill learned along with their primary and secondary education would encourage children’s courage to face the challenges they might face in later life.  Parents and teachers must encourage and involve in such activities in their earlier life as higher education needs more time to concentrate studies.

A friend of mine asked me, while I was discussing this subject and gave my analysis, “if everybody learned skill and becomes boss of their business, who will work under them?”  Nice question.

In my tenth standard, there were 26 classmates studied with me and out this 26, one became a doctor, two became businessmen, most of them are working in some or other offices/companies as staff/workers.  The education was the same to all 26 of us, but only a few emerged atop.  Did our teachers teach differently to those apex persons?  Certainly not, yet results were different.

A skill learned during their earlier age either would encourage them to start the business or would make them any additional side income.

Finally, all the way, life is not mere money-making although it is an important aspect.  Uplifting others who are socially and financially down ridden.  Your financial background or skill background would come to use for this.  This will ultimately give a meaning of your life you lived in this world.  Thank it.

What CAA brought to India?

The very idea of CAA was perceived in other angle and brought another by-product to India called false patriotism among a certain group of people and community.  How far their stand is correct? Let’s discuss.

Now we have two questions in front of us.

Why some sect of people opposing this?

Why a particular community was false informed that their citizens are at stake by some malignant people?

There could be only two reasons; vote bank and illegal activities.

Before we discuss that, we should know what this CAA- Citizenship Amendment Act is all about?

This constitution was implemented in 1950, guaranteed citizenship to all of the country’s residents at the commencement of the constitution and made no distinction on the basis of religion and subsequently passed the Citizenship Act in 1955.

The Citizenship Act was first amended in 1985 after the Assam Accord (The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement.  It was led by the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU), the protestors demanded the identification and deportation of all illegal foreigners – predominantly Bangladeshi immigrants) was signed, wherein the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi agreed to identify foreign citizens, remove them from the electoral rolls, and expel them from the country.  The Citizenship Act was further amended in 1992, 2003, 2005 and 2015.

In December 2003, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government passed the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 with far-reaching revisions of the Citizenship Act.  It added the notion of “illegal immigrants” to the Act, making them ineligible to apply for citizenship (by registration or naturalisation), and declaring their children also as illegal immigrants.  Illegal immigrants were defined as citizens of other countries who entered India without valid travel documents, or who remained in the country beyond the period permitted by their travel documents. They can be deported or jailed.  The bill was supported by the Indian National Congress, as well as the Left parties, such as the Communist Party of India (Marxist), CPI-M, etc.

The irony is, the parties who were supporting the Act so far, are now opposing.  What could be else than getting political mileage on this?  It is very apparent that they are for mere vote bank.  For them, politics is a business, not a service anymore.  It is their matter of survival.  Citizens and their welfare are secondary, indeed.

A very large number of illegal immigrants, the largest numbers of whom are from Bangladesh, live in India. The Task Force on Border Management quoted the figure of 15 million illegal migrants in 2001.  In 2004, the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government stated in Parliament that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi migrants in India.  The reasons for the scale of migration include a porous border, historical migration patterns, economic reasons, and cultural and linguistic ties.  Many illegal migrants from Bangladesh had eventually received the right to vote.

Recently, Parliament of India on 11 December 2019 amended the Citizenship Act of 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for illegal migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities, who had fled persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan before December 2014.  Muslims from those countries were not given such eligibility.  According to Intelligence Bureau records, there will be just over 30,000 immediate beneficiaries of the bill.

The amendment has been widely criticised as discriminating on the basis of religion, in particular, for excluding Muslims.  The Indian government categorically says that Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh have Islam as their state religion and therefore Muslims are “unlikely to face religious persecution” there.  Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh are Muslim-majority countries that have modified their Constitutions in recent decades to declare Islam their official state religion. Therefore, according to the Indian government, Muslims in these Islamic countries are “unlikely to face religious persecution”.  The BBC states that while these countries have provisions in their constitution guaranteeing non-Muslims rights, including the freedom to practice their religion, in practice non-Muslim populations have experienced discrimination and persecution.

Interestingly, Muslims in India today hoisting Indian flags in their houses, only to show their patriotism in this way.  If that is the case, were they not patriotic all these years?  How patriotism suddenly sprouts to anybody and that to a particular community?  Why do they need to worry to prove their citizenship if they are genuine Indian citizen?

The Citizenship Act, 1955 clearly states that anyone born in India on or after January 26, 1950, up till July 1, 1987, is an Indian citizen by birth. Anyone born on or after July 1, 1987, but before the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 and either of whose parents is an Indian citizen at the time of his birth is an Indian citizen. And anyone born after the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 and both of whose parents are Indian citizens at the time of his birth.

A genuine Indian citizen has to furnish any one of the following documents when asked:

  1. 1951 NRC
  2. Electoral roll(s) up to 24 March (midnight), 1971
  3. Land and tenancy records
  4. Citizenship certificate
  5. Permanent residential certificate
  6. Refugee registration certificate
  7. Any government-issued license/certificate
  8. Government service/employment certificate
  9. Bank or post

(sourcehttps://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/et-explains/is-a-pan-india-nrc-possible-the-lesson-from-assam/articleshow/72454225.cms?from=mdr)

Similar acts for persecuted religious minorities, excluding the majority religion, have been introduced in other secular countries such as the United States. The Religious Persecution Relief Act, 2016 of the United States declares, “Syrian nationals who are religious minorities in their country of origin: shall be classified as refugees of special humanitarian concern, shall be eligible for priority two processing under the refugee resettlement priority system

India is not a signatory to either the 1951 UN Refugee Convention or the 1967 Protocol.  It does not have a national policy on refugees. All refugees are classed as “illegal migrants”. While India has been willing to host refugees, its traditional position formulated by Jawaharlal Nehru is that such refugees must return to their home countries after the situation returns to normal.

The Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in a series of Tweets, said that “No Indian has anything to worry regarding this act. This act is only for those who have faced years of persecution outside and have no other place to go except India”.

The United States Secretary of State said that the US respects Indian democracy since it has a “robust” internal debate on the Citizenship Act.

Deputy Russian Ambassador to India, Roman Babushkin, said that Russia considers the legislation an internal matter of India.

Ambassador of France to India, Emmanuel Lenain, said that France considers the legislation an internal matter of India and respects it.

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said, “Within India, people are facing many problems” and expressed her concerns saying, “We don’t understand why (the Indian government) did it. It was not necessary”. However, she maintained her stance that the CAA and NRC are internal matters of India.

Maldives’ Parliament Speaker and former president, Mohamed Nasheed, said that CAA is an internal issue of India and was democratically passed through both the houses of the Parliament.

Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan, as expected, criticised the Act. Pakistan’s National Assembly passed a resolution labelling the Act as a “discriminatory law” and argued that it contravened “bilateral agreements and understandings between India and Pakistan, particularly those on security and rights of minorities in the respective countries”. However, the record of the minorities’ Human rights in Pakistan is terrible.

The bottom line is, India is not a piece of land where anybody can just enter illegally and get all legal facilities that a son of the soil gets.

If no action is taken even now, not Assam alone but the entire country will face Hindu citizen will face religious persecution in their own country.  There are so many Christian and Muslim countries in this World but for Hindus, India is the only country and they cannot move to another country on the basis of religious persecution.  Hence any Hindus in non-Hindu counties who seek the citizenship in India, it should be duly considered based on the reason.  If a Hindu doesn’t get asylum in India, where he/she will go?

Being a Hindu majority country, India is remaining secular and no other religions including Christians and Muslims in India face any restrictions on practising their religion.   The entire world owes a lot to India for her secularism, tolerance and equal constitutional powers among all her citizens irrespective of any religion.

India is a huge population nation wherein her own citizens do not get proper health care and education and other facilities, from where India would provide these to illegal immigrants.

(Thanks to wikipedia.org for some source of information)

Where women lack their right and responsibility?

 

Men are men in any part of the world, so is the case of women in the world, but there is a question arising on gender equality all the time. The women liberal thinking of attaining gender equality does not fetch the justice to their liberal thinking, but on the contrary, it would worsen their status in the society.

Although women across the globe think and act alike, there could be some nuance of thinking and acting by them. Women in American and European countries give less priorities in golden jewellery, whereas the case is other way around in India. Women in the African tribal territory, who walk half naked without any embarrassment, cannot be compared with the civilized societies in developed countries.  Women who stay with multi-relative system before and after their marriage in India are different from nuclear families in Western countries. Among a few differences, one common and concrete similarity in women in all over the world is ‘motherliness’, irrespective of one becomes motherhood or not. This is called ‘Matrutva’ in Sanskrit. The clement action or compassionate words are inherent naturally to women in any part of the world.

Women are basically born for caring and controlling the house and household, however, with the onset of cultural exchange between countries, most of the women have now lost their identity of their own culture and country. India is no more exception to this.

The role of women in ancient Indian literature is immense.  Ancient India had many learned ladies. There were two types of scholarly women — the Brahmavadinis, or the women who never married and chant Vedas throughout their lives and the Sadyodvadhus are those who became Vadhus or brides straightaway on the attainment of puberty, without undergoing the training in the Vedic studies.  Apart from Vedic learning and teaching, women were writing Sanskrit plays and verses, excelled in music, painting and other fine arts.  Women had enjoyed prominent roles in politics too in ancient India.  The foreign visitor, Megasthenes who was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period, author of the work ‘Indika’, mentioned that the Pandya women were running the administration.   The Satavahana queen, “Nayanika ruled the kingdom on behalf of her minor son, so did Prabavati, daughter of Chandragupta II, on behalf of the minor prince, are a few examples to understand women administration skills. The unknown fact is, in the ancient times is that even Kings used to request the scholarly women of their family or their kingdom, to address the issues faced by them. The best known woman administrators in our recent memory are, Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai, Rani Mangamma, Rudramma Devi, et al.

With such awe legacy behind in Indian women, where they lost their way in recent times?

The atrocity on women are being highlighted in every newspaper now and then.  The data were shown in the manner that India is the epicentre for the women atrocity in any manner.  An American website (https://www.rainn.org) claims that on average, there are 321,500 victims (age 12 or older) of rape and sexual assault each year in the United States, the country we consider most developed and dominant.  The website also ascertains the following:

  • 82% of all juvenile victims are female. 90% of adult rape victims are female.
  • Females ages 16-19 are 4 times more likely than the general population to be victims of rape, attempted rape, or sexual assault.
  • Women ages 18-24 who are college students are 3 times more likely than women in general to experience sexual violence. Females of the same age who are not enrolled in college are 4 times more likely.

On the worst side, millions of men in the United States have been victims of rape, the website claims.   In the revealed data says, 1 out of every 10 rape victims are male.  To one’s dismay, sexual violence in the military often goes unreported in the United States, according the website.

The case of India reveals the different story.  Assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty in the year 2014 shows 82,235.  Whereas the rape cases were 36,735 in the same year.  (Source: data.gov.in & ncrb.gov.in).  Those are few availed data from the website.

Well, there is no need to feel better on Indian incidents with the comparison of American. Although India is a much populated country than US, the crime rates are far below that of the US. Even one petty crime against women reported in any corner of the country is worth worrying.  Are crimes against women only by men?  There were 122,877 cases reported in the same year under cruelty by husband and other relatives.  Under Dowry Prohibition Act and Domestic Violence Act, there were 10,050 and 426 cases reported respectively.  One Nirbhaya case changed the thinking for reporting of crimes against women in India.

The Nirbhaya Act, implemented thereafter, did not curtail crime against women, but only persuaded the common public for reporting more such crimes.  The reporting could go higher in counting when the justice is given in a shorter period.  In the present scenario, the justice delivery rate of such crimes is a deterrent for many people to come forward to report.

On the other side, it gives feast to the news agencies to highlight such crimes in India and defaming the country’s image in worldwide.   India is a vast country (1.28 billion people where women are 624 million as of March 28, 2015 according to: http://www.indiaonlinepages.com/population/india-current-population.html) and atrocity against women are in fewer lakhs.  It does not mean to ignore these figures, but at the same time it should not be considered as alarming!

In the wake of fighting for women’s freedom in India by the so called reformers in both genders, the common women were being pushed into the darkness of unawareness of their unique places in the society.

The role and responsibilities of Indian women are often misunderstood and misconstrued by the so called reformers of women’s freedom.  The deviated women today in India are edging towards destruction of well-constructed indigenous society.

What actually Women freedom means?

–      Is it something like walking in the midnight in an impolite dress which provokes rogues and rowdy people to misbehave?

–      Is it something like smoking in the mid of the streets or drinking in the pub along with boyfriends?

–      Is it something like any comment made on women for the sake of their benefit which is simply arguing and opposing without understanding the very essence of it?

–      Is it something like using their gender opportunism to sideline their men colleagues?

Unfortunately, today most of women in the name of reform and modernisation, losing their cultural identity.  Women today with the urge of making money, go to jobs at different timings leaving their family members at bay.  No children could be brought-up as better citizen in the hands of men.  Men don’t have patience to look after family members in terms of organising food, clothes and other amenities like an Indian woman.  The family that deprived women’s care, never stood-up on its own for family, society and the country.  The Indian women do not need to be taught about her responsibilities as she learns them from her childhood.

India from the ancient times, worshiped women as Goddess.  Each and every Indian epics will usher to this fact.  Every Indian woman is being called ‘Grahalakshmi’.  Nowhere in the world, one will find women are acclaimed to this high position. Its Indian women to feel proud of such admiring.

Now the game starts.  Are the Indian women are deserving of such qualitative appreciation of calling ‘Grahalakshmi’, even today?  Sadly, no!  Women in the search of money, be it Indian or any other countries, be it for running their own family’s sake or for the sake of lavish family life, definitely lost their hold in the home.  Husbands are left uncared in most the cases, being women are working with the different shifts, they unable to follow up their husband’s ins and outs.  Men are being careless by nature, in most of the cases, movements of children are simply ignored.  Old people in the house, irrespective of any side, will obviously have chance blame both, especially the working woman.  After working with a hectic schedule in the offices, where she will be able to address these issues?

One of my classmates, a woman, commented such high appreciation, calling a woman as ‘Grahalakshmi’ is as enticing tactics.  She said that by throwing these alluring terms, Indian women are treated as slaves in their own houses.  How Sad!  I really felt bad such misinterpretation.  No house will prosper without due respect to the women in the family.  I have even seen some houses where women were dominating personalities.  Even to the level that I have witnessed the houses in which women were main bread winners, where household men were treated very unpleasant way.  Women where with highly paid salary treated disrespectfully in the low paid husbands, I am told.  I tried my best part to convince her the role of women in Indian society, but ended with disappointment sadly.  She was always talking about the rights of women’s freedom in every field.  Fine!

The right they should fight for, not mere women freedom, but for the right of education to the every girl child;

The right they should fight for, to bring-down the crime rates against women;

The right they should fight for, is stop the domestic violence against them;

The right they should fight for, job equality in both government and private sectors;

The right they should fight for, an equal place in the armed forces;

The right they should fight for, an equal space in science and technology sectors.

As far as Indian women are considered, the family first and the others next.  No country woman takes the role that an Indian woman takes.  The genetic quality of Indian women for caring the family is not been seen any other part of the world, it is evolved generation by generation.  The place of Indian women in the society cannot be filled by men, indeed.

 

Author: Balaji Canchi Sistla

On 8-3-2017 at 9.30 AM, Hyderabad

A psychological approach towards human behaviour

Human beings, as a social animal, tend to behave such behaviours that are destructive to own and others.  In the process of successful living, humans never hesitate to lie, cheat, steal and kill oneself or even others.  Science has dealt this subject very deeply only to find out as to why an intelligent species on the earth behaves in a spiteful way.

University of Massachusetts psychologist Robert Feldman claims that, “It’s tied in with self-esteem. We find that as soon as people feel that their self-esteem is threatened, they immediately begin to lie at higher levels.”  Even for no reason, people lie only to establish oneself as better than the rest.  Psychologists could not trace out that how extend, one can go on saying lie.

Theft is another typical human behaviour that is persisting thousands of years, even after human civilization has reached to a better level of living year after year.  In most of the cases, theft is motivated; either for a need or for a thrill.  A study reveals that when contacted several people they admitted that they shoplifted at least once in their lifetime for any of the above two reasons.  Probably theft is in our genes or else why some people do it for the sake of thrill even though one can afford to buy it.  Stealing for others’ sake is very seldom one can see.

When come to the behaviour of cheating, it is merely a lack of ethics in one’s mind.  A child that which did not learn about ethics from the parents in its childhood time, would probably end up as a cheater in social structure such as human relationships.  However, all above behaviours would vanish gradually as a child grows and develops self-confidence.  In most of the cases a child that lacks self-confidence, would continue to do regularly or as and when some opportunity flashes.

As a grown individual, psychological behaviour of individual human depends on the situation that one undergoes at that time or the situation that one underwent already.  These two will have the severe impact of person when they deal with the things/people in their day to day activity.  However, observed or shared result of others does influence to some extent.  Ultimately, this impact will change to time to time with the outcome of the gaining experience and self-confidence.  Scientists from Universities of several countries studied and done research work on human psychological behaviour or on the words psychological approach of human beings.

In most cases of research, all human beings behave alike across the globe in certain things.  One such experiment was done by Harvard and Kent State University on ‘missing events that what’s right in front of us’.  In 1988, researchers from Harvard and Kent State University chose pedestrians on a college campus to determine how much people notice about their immediate environments.  In the experiment, a deputed person sent to a pedestrian and asked for directions.  While the pedestrian was giving the directions, two men carrying a large wooden door, walked between the deputed person and the pedestrian, completely blocking their view of each other for several seconds.  During that time, the deputed person was replaced by another with a different outfit, haircut and voice.  Most of the participants didn’t notice this substitution.  The experiment was one of the first to illustrate the phenomenon of ‘change blindness’, which shows just how selective human beings are about what we take in from any given visual scene.  Further, it strongly asserted that human beings rely on memory and pattern-recognition significantly more than what kind of thinking in their mind.  This experiment is also proved that the information asked penetrates more deeply in the minds than that the face of the person who asked irrespective of his/her clan, colour, attire, etc., when two people meet in a short time.  This kind of human behaviour is more precisely being dealt in the criminal cases in the courts of law, as witness’s short time seeing of human face or outfit is more important in the crime scene.

Human communicates and behaves in different occasions in line with his temperament and power one has.  The psychological reason behind this fact is that those in power sometimes act towards others with a sense of entitlement and disrespect.  “When researchers give people power in scientific experiments, they are more likely to physically touch others in potentially inappropriate ways, to flirt in more direct fashion”, according to psychologist Dacher Keltner, one of the study’s leaders, wrote in an article for UC Berkeley’s Greater Good Science Centre in 2003 (Source: huffpost.com).  This misuse of power was very obviously observed in offices, colleges and of course in politics worldwide.  There are numerous cases registered against higher officials by their subordinates in the corporate offices; students claim misbehaviour activity by the teachers, professors; common pubic and political party members against political leaders, especially in South Asian Countries.

Transparent activity by the empowered people with monitor of cross functional teams in their respective areas, perhaps, would resolve this kind of misbehaviours.  A strong political will with dedication and people oriented governments only can implement such activities.

In a study which dealt human relationships with love and affection towards one can also change the behaviour of person.  It can be in either way, adverse or affectionate.  Love and affection that one person gets or interrupted would lead to change the behaviour of a person. A study from Harvard Grand in a period of 75 years on human relationships revealed this.  The study expressed that love really is all that matters, at least when it comes to determining long-term happiness and life satisfaction.  The long-time Director for this study, Mr. George Vaillant, Psychiatrist revealed that there are two pillars of happiness.  “One is love.  The other is finding a way of coping with life that does not push love away”.  For that he also gives an instance, one participant began the study with the lowest rating for future stability of all the subjects and he had previously attempted suicide, but at the end of his life, he was one of the happiest.  Why?  As Vaillant explains, ‘he spent his life searching for love’.

Every now and then we always hear from other sources or read from newspapers that so many crimes, be it simple assault, be it killing other human, were ultimately ended with lack of love or interrupted love.  Human, by nature extends and expects love to others and from others.  Human is basically a lover of love and affection.  Time, situation, experience of others and self, will play a vital role in one’s life.  Being a social animal, human always thrives for love.

Human, in general, is a multi-face personality.  Upon available of opportunity one behaves badly and one behaves well in accordance with the need.  This is generally deliberate or may be natural.  In most of the cases, different behaviour with different areas and different people are basically self-experience oriented.  Although it might change in accordance with the outcome of the situation, sometimes the mind-set of one, hardly changes.  Human’s multi-face personality doesn’t give so much of adverse effect in most of the time but used only to handle the situation, in a rare situation it does few adverse impacts on others.  Such cases happened very seldom occasions.

A child behaviour cannot be compared with that of a matured man.  However, a grown and matured man does express his child like behaviour sometimes and some people even behave childish too.

In a rare occasions,  some children behave like matured.  This, however, is dealt as ‘Karma Sidhdhantha’ in Hinduism – a vast subject to discuss.  The modern science does not talk much about this.

Humans make mistakes and learn from them, in fact humans learn from others’ mistakes too.  Making mistake is psychologically required as it allows one to learn and boosts self-confidence when one resolves the problem.  A child who tries to walk independently, falls frequently but learns to walk quicker than the one which sits all the time on father’s shoulder.

Hundreds of stories from the prisoners would reveal more and more human behavioural aspects.  Most of the crimes are done with the situation demand or inappropriate knowledge of worldliness.  Such crime makers would reveal their inability to negotiate the situation, had they got a chance to talk, and had they understood the situation with matured way, they, perhaps would have never done such crimes.  Human, as a whole, all fit for peaceful living by nature, only analytical tendency towards other’s mind with respect to the situation and status, is required to overcome psychological barriers among fellow humans.

Author: Balaji Canchi Sistla

On 15-12-2016 @ 6.30 pm, Hyderabad

Life to live, not to leave halfway!

In the era of technological development, all are in speed.  Plane, Train, Bus, Car, Internet and what not.  In the restaurant, we need a speedy delivery of food.  In the petrol bunk, we seek speedy service.  In the office, your boss obviously expects a speedy service from you.  People are habituated to speed with their day to day life! It is speed everywhere!

That’s fine, does this speed really good to mankind?  Is the speed the measuring unit in quality of work anymore?  Does the speed will only solve our all sort of problems of humankind?  Have we ever thought that we are heading in the right direction?  Is the speed a boon or a bane?

With the advent of speedy technological advancement, humankind has lost its footsteps towards the correct direction of life style!  We missed the bus somewhere in the last 20 years, but time is still there to catch right directions now, for that only realization and analyzation are required.  If we continue to travel in the same direction that which ultimately leads to a catastrophe stage, no doubt we will have the credit of destroying our future generation with our own hands.  Are we prepared for that?

On the other hand, we need to think of corrective action to maintain the speed as well as a befitting life.  We need a better life for us and for our future generation.  We need a better life model for our future followers.  All we have to do now is, just think of present scenario, realize the faulty areas, analyze the solution and rejuvenate the life for better.

In the speedy world today, we have money to spend for our needs; we don’t have time to spend with family.  We have time to dedicate for our official work; we don’t have time to dedicate to our family expectations.  We have earned enough money, even more than enough, but all that for what purpose?  We have earned money at the cost of our health; havn’t we?  How much of wealth can regain your lost health?

Pay money, get the work done, is rapidly trending now. If money alone can complete all our needs every place, feeling and emotions of humankind have no value thereafter. Technological development should complement the human lifestyle; on the contrary, it derails from the track. We need a medicine to resolve our health problems, not to enhance it further, don’t you think?

Once we used to go to the Bank and Post Offices for services. We used to interact with the staff there and a cordial relationship was maintained always. Off the work, we maintained the relationship with the staff, there was no materialistic relationship at all.  There was no any mere money oriented service then. The scene has changed now. We don’t know even the name of the persons in the Bank.  We visited the Bank on the first few days during opening the account, that’s it!  Now, you don’t need to go Bank only to open an account but do it online straight away.  Neither Bank knows you personally, nor you know the staff…. What a relationship!

The other day, I went to my Bank for some password unlocking of my account which was by mistake locked.  As one of the staff (she recognizes me well and speaks nicely whenever I go there) was slightly busy in a temporary work which made me to sit some time.  During this period, I happened to hear the conversation between one account holder and the other bank staff.  The account holder was seeking some info and the staff was not able to satisfy him with the info and finally the staff had thrown a terrible question to the account holder, ‘do you have an account here?’  By now, the account holder lost his temper.  Later the Manager intervened and resolved it amicably.

This scene instigated a point in me.  Although it is very much possible to find out with the account number from which bank, he belongs to, but the scene could have been averted to worse, had the staff-customer relationship was maintained personally.  Poor customer who maintained an account in the Branch for years and he was not recognized by the Branch staff.  Sometimes the human relationships beyond the family, help a lot and maintains a smooth pathway between the customer and vendor, don’t you agree?

We make things work speedy, but personal life gets slower, since we could not maintain the same rapport in personal life. Speed is good, but not the best. I saw young chaps who work in the Pizza Centers, put their life at risk, only to deliver the Pizzas at the right time. They take very dangerous cuts on the road while ride their bikes. What made me feel bad is when I asked one of these guys as to why they take such risk in their life to deliver the Pizza, I got an instant reply from him that if they could not deliver it on time, then the Pizza is free for customers.  I asked him, ‘so what?  why do you worry about this, do you lose the job by this anyway?’  He laughed and said, ‘no sir, I won’t lose the job, but the cost of the Pizza, I am delivering late, will be deducted from my salary’.  I was shocked by hearing this. Mere for few hundred rupees these guys are putting their life at risk. The management does not care about this. How sad! This is what the speed gives us! Money is lost, nothing lost…. You can always gain it again. Life is lost, you lost everything.

In an another heartbroken incident, a girl who was working in a multinational IT company, committed suicide just because she could not deliver the project on time and stress from management forced her to do so. She could not complete the project quickly and the mental agony that she had at that time drove her for such an extreme step. Managements seek speedy performance, lest one will face the speedy exit. It does not show even any micro development of humankind nor a decent relationship between employees and management.

Such cases are very common now-a-days.  The time limitation is good and necessary to complete the work and it should not complete the life of the person who deals.  A warning or an increment cut or a transfer to other departments would suffice if the work is not done on time.  Managements which are stressing the staff repeatedly to complete it on time would ultimately lead to such life taking incidents only.  The Time bound jobs must be planned thoroughly an alternate way, if the job is not done on time, well before the commencement of the job, rather than giving mental agony to the staff by the means of stress. Providing such jobs, the managements should think of this.  After all, life is precious than the job that is dealt, doesn’t it?

Everyone’s life goal should not be mere money making, but also life striving for better going. Speed might fulfill something, but not all. Speed required, but not speed alone required. Without speed a pot maker cannot make a wonderful pot.  With speed a sculptor cannot make a statue!  Having food in speed does not get digested correctly and leads to physical complications. Speed is a part of life, not just life.

We, the present generation, should take this responsibility to make it understand to the next generation as to how speed bound things to be handled.  Works may be speedy not our lives so speedy to leave this world.  Think of life, think of living.

 

Author: Balaji Canchi Sistla

On 29-4-2016 @ 1 pm, Hyderabad

Varnaasramam can still be practiced?

One wonders that Varnaasramam of those ancient Indian days are worth to follow or practiced even today in modern era of technological developments.  The Vedas and Sastras, the rituals (Sampradayam) or rules (Anushtaanam), the Yajnaas, Poojaas and Vrataas are still possible to follow or practiced?

Indians, tobe precise, Hindus were inseparable from their professions with respect to their religion right from Vedic period to till few centuries ago.  Life of Hindus without religion is unimaginable. With a day start and till the day end, every Hindu will dwell along Dharmic rules called Anushtaanam, Sampradayam and so on, may it be child-birth, schooling, profession, marriage or even death.  Hindu needs every aspects of his life is tobe encapsulated in a religious way.  Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma as it supposed tobe called, will never impose or compel to follow any rules, however it definitely would explain elaborately that by practicing what best fruit one can meet.  This is what we call ‘Karma’!

Based ones Karma, one gets the result, to understand in simple terms, it is a cause and effect.  The fruits of Karma vary from Yuga to Yuga.  Kaliyuga is most illusion based life style called Maya which will never allow you to follow these Anushtaanas as prescribed by our Vedas and Sastras.  Hence in this Yuga one tend to make more Adharmic series of actions which will ultimately accumulate Papa Phala which otherwise called result of sin.  Those who could overcome this Maya or Illusion will succeed to the path of Punya or virtue.

Now the question arises one’s mind that how to overcome Maya?

Let us introspect this here.  With respect to one’s accumulated Punya and Papa, the Moksha (salvation), Swargam (heaven) and Narakam (hell) is decided after the death.  Narakam, according to Garuda Puranam has different kind of punishment for different type of sins done by human; the punishment goes from few times to so many years.  Garuda Puranam further says that to bring down the Naraka Yatra or duration of punishment period for departed soul is possible if their siblings do their Pitru Karmas precisely and periodically.  However, with the severity of humans’ sins, the punishment will be higher and higher for a long period, say, few thousand years.  With the help of good deeds during their life time one can ease their Naraka Yatra although you cannot avoid completely if you done more sins than good deeds.  Good deeds such as Poor Feeding, shelter for Poor, unconditional help to the needy, construction or helping for maintenance of temple, Devatha Aaradhana, performing Yajna for public welfare, practicing Anushtaanam and following your Varnaasaramam Dharma.

Most of us know the meaning of Varnaasarama or division of a sect of people based on their profession.  Unfortunately, the very idea of Varnaasaramam was misinterpreted deliberately by vested interest people year after year in past more than 600 years, only to break the integrity of this system, by means they could rule this rich country with the aim of swallowing the resources and spoil the culture.   The importance of following this system was delinked first and discontinued later for several years as there was no proper channel to preach its vitality to the society.  In the recent past, after the freedom, most political parties with the only interest of occupancy of power had messed the Varnaasaramam with caste system for their political advantages.  The matter of fact, Varnaasaramam has no role to play in present caste system, but still it is significantly wrongly used by the politicians, is the sad turning point for India.

As you know based on one’s Varnaasaramam, the duties are prescribed in Vedas.  Although these are not met in the present society because of life style and heavy financial commitments.  The needs have increased in the upcoming lifestyle with no barrier in their desire.  People have gone changing themselves beyond their level of reach, which forces to commit more sins in their day-to-day life.  Obviously no one has time to look after even their siblings and children, where they have time to help others and worship God and extend the services to religious activities.  Even if it is done, it is just name sake only, no any inherent feeling anybody has.  Earning money has become the primary motto in the society, sadly.

In this scenario, where is the chance of following Varnaasramam?  Well, as an English maxim goes, ‘where there is a will there is a way’, one can follow his Varnaasrama without giving up ones present lifestyle, but little inclination to sacrifice to strive for this.  Is it still possible? Yes it is.

For a case in point, consider the one of the Varnaas people, Brahmins.  The main duty of a Brahmin is to live for other three Varnaas.  A Brahmin should not be self-centered but to perform Yajnas and Pujaas to the welfare of the society that which consists of all four Varnaas.  He should perform Trikala Sandhayavandanam, daily Agnihotram, Veda Parayanam, Veda Adhyayanam, Deva Aradhana and political and Dharmic consultancy to the ruling king and other common pubic as and when required.   If a Brahmin does all these things in a day where he will earn for his livelihood?  Since a Dharmic Brahmin dedicates himself for the welfare of the society, the rest of the other three Varnaas should take care of his livelihood and his family.

Now come to the present day.  Today’s Brahmin is not a Brahmin of those days.  For his livelihood, he does so many other works which is not supposed tobe taken-up by him.  He thinks it is inevitable, however he still can perform his Anushutaanam within his time frame.  Veda study is not a part of their life for most of the present day Brahmins. Minimum doing of Sandhyavandam is vanishing all over now by all three Varnas viz., Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaishya. The ‘pratha sandya’ should be done in Aruna Kaalam i.e., start before sunrise and continue Japa until Sunrise, say 6.30 – 6.45 in the morning.  The second one, ‘Maadhyanam’ should be done at midday, i.e., at 12 noon.  The third one should be done once he returns from office 6 O’ clock in the evening until 7.30 pm he can start and finish.  If a Brahmin who cannot meet these timings at home for Sandhyavandanam but intention to do, still he can do.  During that period wherever he is, can sit in a clean area, after washing his hands and legs and do it with least Gayathri Mantra ie., 10 with a ‘Sankalpam’.  If time and place is available,  one should do it in elaborated way, if not, make it simple but continue without break every day.   Apart from Trikaala Sandhyavandanam, a working Brahmin does other rituals along like Pooja, Agnihotram, Veda Parayanam, etc., would be considered more sacred from his part.

Consider a Yadava who can still work anywhere and run simultaneously his cow breeding business.  By this way he gives employment to others also and fulfills his Dharma.

For Kshatriyas, there is no Kingdoms to rule now but being protector of the society he can best fit for Army and Police jobs.  However if he is in other jobs, he can still do the same in his leisure time to the society.  Whatever best can be done from available sources and resources should be thoroughly analyzed and implemented.

With the high influence of Western system and Culture, Indian and Hindu rituals are slowly forgotten.  The very purpose of Anustaanam is not given importance which will ultimately lead to a mess in the society.  Varnaasaramam made with the intention of protecting the Hindu society not to discriminate any, as in the present day caste system.

I can narrate one befitting example for this.  In Ramayana, Rama, Sita and Lakshmana along with Guha going to Bharatwaja Rishi Ashram to meet him. Bharatwaja Rishi offers seats to all as a matter of hospitality. Everybody sit on the seat except Guha who by his own sits on the floor.  When Rishi asks why he sits on the floor, Guha claims that he is from fourth Varna hence it is not good to sit along with all other two Varnas, viz., Brahmana and Kshatrya.  The Bhartwaja Rishi enlightens Guha that we all are being children of Almighty, no Varna people are higher or lower by their birth or profession, all should be treated equally in the society.  Further he says that the time Rama proclaimed Guha as his friend as well as brother, where is the matter of high or low from then?

Hence, if Varnaasarama in this country is protected, then India is protected, Hindus are protected and no doubt, surly our Sanatana Dharma will be protected ultimately.

Authored by: Balaji Canchi Sistla

Hyderabad on Feb 8, 2016 @ 3.00 PM