What CAA brought to India?

The very idea of CAA was perceived in other angle and brought another by-product to India called false patriotism among a certain group of people and community.  How far their stand is correct? Let’s discuss.

Now we have two questions in front of us.

Why some sect of people opposing this?

Why a particular community was false informed that their citizens are at stake by some malignant people?

There could be only two reasons; vote bank and illegal activities.

Before we discuss that, we should know what this CAA- Citizenship Amendment Act is all about?

This constitution was implemented in 1950, guaranteed citizenship to all of the country’s residents at the commencement of the constitution and made no distinction on the basis of religion and subsequently passed the Citizenship Act in 1955.

The Citizenship Act was first amended in 1985 after the Assam Accord (The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement.  It was led by the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU), the protestors demanded the identification and deportation of all illegal foreigners – predominantly Bangladeshi immigrants) was signed, wherein the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi agreed to identify foreign citizens, remove them from the electoral rolls, and expel them from the country.  The Citizenship Act was further amended in 1992, 2003, 2005 and 2015.

In December 2003, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government passed the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 with far-reaching revisions of the Citizenship Act.  It added the notion of “illegal immigrants” to the Act, making them ineligible to apply for citizenship (by registration or naturalisation), and declaring their children also as illegal immigrants.  Illegal immigrants were defined as citizens of other countries who entered India without valid travel documents, or who remained in the country beyond the period permitted by their travel documents. They can be deported or jailed.  The bill was supported by the Indian National Congress, as well as the Left parties, such as the Communist Party of India (Marxist), CPI-M, etc.

The irony is, the parties who were supporting the Act so far, are now opposing.  What could be else than getting political mileage on this?  It is very apparent that they are for mere vote bank.  For them, politics is a business, not a service anymore.  It is their matter of survival.  Citizens and their welfare are secondary, indeed.

A very large number of illegal immigrants, the largest numbers of whom are from Bangladesh, live in India. The Task Force on Border Management quoted the figure of 15 million illegal migrants in 2001.  In 2004, the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government stated in Parliament that there were 12 million illegal Bangladeshi migrants in India.  The reasons for the scale of migration include a porous border, historical migration patterns, economic reasons, and cultural and linguistic ties.  Many illegal migrants from Bangladesh had eventually received the right to vote.

Recently, Parliament of India on 11 December 2019 amended the Citizenship Act of 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for illegal migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities, who had fled persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan before December 2014.  Muslims from those countries were not given such eligibility.  According to Intelligence Bureau records, there will be just over 30,000 immediate beneficiaries of the bill.

The amendment has been widely criticised as discriminating on the basis of religion, in particular, for excluding Muslims.  The Indian government categorically says that Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh have Islam as their state religion and therefore Muslims are “unlikely to face religious persecution” there.  Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh are Muslim-majority countries that have modified their Constitutions in recent decades to declare Islam their official state religion. Therefore, according to the Indian government, Muslims in these Islamic countries are “unlikely to face religious persecution”.  The BBC states that while these countries have provisions in their constitution guaranteeing non-Muslims rights, including the freedom to practice their religion, in practice non-Muslim populations have experienced discrimination and persecution.

Interestingly, Muslims in India today hoisting Indian flags in their houses, only to show their patriotism in this way.  If that is the case, were they not patriotic all these years?  How patriotism suddenly sprouts to anybody and that to a particular community?  Why do they need to worry to prove their citizenship if they are genuine Indian citizen?

The Citizenship Act, 1955 clearly states that anyone born in India on or after January 26, 1950, up till July 1, 1987, is an Indian citizen by birth. Anyone born on or after July 1, 1987, but before the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 and either of whose parents is an Indian citizen at the time of his birth is an Indian citizen. And anyone born after the commencement of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003 and both of whose parents are Indian citizens at the time of his birth.

A genuine Indian citizen has to furnish any one of the following documents when asked:

  1. 1951 NRC
  2. Electoral roll(s) up to 24 March (midnight), 1971
  3. Land and tenancy records
  4. Citizenship certificate
  5. Permanent residential certificate
  6. Refugee registration certificate
  7. Any government-issued license/certificate
  8. Government service/employment certificate
  9. Bank or post


Similar acts for persecuted religious minorities, excluding the majority religion, have been introduced in other secular countries such as the United States. The Religious Persecution Relief Act, 2016 of the United States declares, “Syrian nationals who are religious minorities in their country of origin: shall be classified as refugees of special humanitarian concern, shall be eligible for priority two processing under the refugee resettlement priority system

India is not a signatory to either the 1951 UN Refugee Convention or the 1967 Protocol.  It does not have a national policy on refugees. All refugees are classed as “illegal migrants”. While India has been willing to host refugees, its traditional position formulated by Jawaharlal Nehru is that such refugees must return to their home countries after the situation returns to normal.

The Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in a series of Tweets, said that “No Indian has anything to worry regarding this act. This act is only for those who have faced years of persecution outside and have no other place to go except India”.

The United States Secretary of State said that the US respects Indian democracy since it has a “robust” internal debate on the Citizenship Act.

Deputy Russian Ambassador to India, Roman Babushkin, said that Russia considers the legislation an internal matter of India.

Ambassador of France to India, Emmanuel Lenain, said that France considers the legislation an internal matter of India and respects it.

Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said, “Within India, people are facing many problems” and expressed her concerns saying, “We don’t understand why (the Indian government) did it. It was not necessary”. However, she maintained her stance that the CAA and NRC are internal matters of India.

Maldives’ Parliament Speaker and former president, Mohamed Nasheed, said that CAA is an internal issue of India and was democratically passed through both the houses of the Parliament.

Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan, as expected, criticised the Act. Pakistan’s National Assembly passed a resolution labelling the Act as a “discriminatory law” and argued that it contravened “bilateral agreements and understandings between India and Pakistan, particularly those on security and rights of minorities in the respective countries”. However, the record of the minorities’ Human rights in Pakistan is terrible.

The bottom line is, India is not a piece of land where anybody can just enter illegally and get all legal facilities that a son of the soil gets.

If no action is taken even now, not Assam alone but the entire country will face Hindu citizen will face religious persecution in their own country.  There are so many Christian and Muslim countries in this World but for Hindus, India is the only country and they cannot move to another country on the basis of religious persecution.  Hence any Hindus in non-Hindu counties who seek the citizenship in India, it should be duly considered based on the reason.  If a Hindu doesn’t get asylum in India, where he/she will go?

Being a Hindu majority country, India is remaining secular and no other religions including Christians and Muslims in India face any restrictions on practising their religion.   The entire world owes a lot to India for her secularism, tolerance and equal constitutional powers among all her citizens irrespective of any religion.

India is a huge population nation wherein her own citizens do not get proper health care and education and other facilities, from where India would provide these to illegal immigrants.

(Thanks to wikipedia.org for some source of information)

Where women lack their right and responsibility?


Men are men in any part of the world, so is the case of women in the world, but there is a question arising on gender equality all the time. The women liberal thinking of attaining gender equality does not fetch the justice to their liberal thinking, but on the contrary, it would worsen their status in the society.

Although women across the globe think and act alike, there could be some nuance of thinking and acting by them. Women in American and European countries give less priorities in golden jewellery, whereas the case is other way around in India. Women in the African tribal territory, who walk half naked without any embarrassment, cannot be compared with the civilized societies in developed countries.  Women who stay with multi-relative system before and after their marriage in India are different from nuclear families in Western countries. Among a few differences, one common and concrete similarity in women in all over the world is ‘motherliness’, irrespective of one becomes motherhood or not. This is called ‘Matrutva’ in Sanskrit. The clement action or compassionate words are inherent naturally to women in any part of the world.

Women are basically born for caring and controlling the house and household, however, with the onset of cultural exchange between countries, most of the women have now lost their identity of their own culture and country. India is no more exception to this.

The role of women in ancient Indian literature is immense.  Ancient India had many learned ladies. There were two types of scholarly women — the Brahmavadinis, or the women who never married and chant Vedas throughout their lives and the Sadyodvadhus are those who became Vadhus or brides straightaway on the attainment of puberty, without undergoing the training in the Vedic studies.  Apart from Vedic learning and teaching, women were writing Sanskrit plays and verses, excelled in music, painting and other fine arts.  Women had enjoyed prominent roles in politics too in ancient India.  The foreign visitor, Megasthenes who was an ancient Greek historian, diplomat and Indian ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period, author of the work ‘Indika’, mentioned that the Pandya women were running the administration.   The Satavahana queen, “Nayanika ruled the kingdom on behalf of her minor son, so did Prabavati, daughter of Chandragupta II, on behalf of the minor prince, are a few examples to understand women administration skills. The unknown fact is, in the ancient times is that even Kings used to request the scholarly women of their family or their kingdom, to address the issues faced by them. The best known woman administrators in our recent memory are, Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai, Rani Mangamma, Rudramma Devi, et al.

With such awe legacy behind in Indian women, where they lost their way in recent times?

The atrocity on women are being highlighted in every newspaper now and then.  The data were shown in the manner that India is the epicentre for the women atrocity in any manner.  An American website (https://www.rainn.org) claims that on average, there are 321,500 victims (age 12 or older) of rape and sexual assault each year in the United States, the country we consider most developed and dominant.  The website also ascertains the following:

  • 82% of all juvenile victims are female. 90% of adult rape victims are female.
  • Females ages 16-19 are 4 times more likely than the general population to be victims of rape, attempted rape, or sexual assault.
  • Women ages 18-24 who are college students are 3 times more likely than women in general to experience sexual violence. Females of the same age who are not enrolled in college are 4 times more likely.

On the worst side, millions of men in the United States have been victims of rape, the website claims.   In the revealed data says, 1 out of every 10 rape victims are male.  To one’s dismay, sexual violence in the military often goes unreported in the United States, according the website.

The case of India reveals the different story.  Assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty in the year 2014 shows 82,235.  Whereas the rape cases were 36,735 in the same year.  (Source: data.gov.in & ncrb.gov.in).  Those are few availed data from the website.

Well, there is no need to feel better on Indian incidents with the comparison of American. Although India is a much populated country than US, the crime rates are far below that of the US. Even one petty crime against women reported in any corner of the country is worth worrying.  Are crimes against women only by men?  There were 122,877 cases reported in the same year under cruelty by husband and other relatives.  Under Dowry Prohibition Act and Domestic Violence Act, there were 10,050 and 426 cases reported respectively.  One Nirbhaya case changed the thinking for reporting of crimes against women in India.

The Nirbhaya Act, implemented thereafter, did not curtail crime against women, but only persuaded the common public for reporting more such crimes.  The reporting could go higher in counting when the justice is given in a shorter period.  In the present scenario, the justice delivery rate of such crimes is a deterrent for many people to come forward to report.

On the other side, it gives feast to the news agencies to highlight such crimes in India and defaming the country’s image in worldwide.   India is a vast country (1.28 billion people where women are 624 million as of March 28, 2015 according to: http://www.indiaonlinepages.com/population/india-current-population.html) and atrocity against women are in fewer lakhs.  It does not mean to ignore these figures, but at the same time it should not be considered as alarming!

In the wake of fighting for women’s freedom in India by the so called reformers in both genders, the common women were being pushed into the darkness of unawareness of their unique places in the society.

The role and responsibilities of Indian women are often misunderstood and misconstrued by the so called reformers of women’s freedom.  The deviated women today in India are edging towards destruction of well-constructed indigenous society.

What actually Women freedom means?

–      Is it something like walking in the midnight in an impolite dress which provokes rogues and rowdy people to misbehave?

–      Is it something like smoking in the mid of the streets or drinking in the pub along with boyfriends?

–      Is it something like any comment made on women for the sake of their benefit which is simply arguing and opposing without understanding the very essence of it?

–      Is it something like using their gender opportunism to sideline their men colleagues?

Unfortunately, today most of women in the name of reform and modernisation, losing their cultural identity.  Women today with the urge of making money, go to jobs at different timings leaving their family members at bay.  No children could be brought-up as better citizen in the hands of men.  Men don’t have patience to look after family members in terms of organising food, clothes and other amenities like an Indian woman.  The family that deprived women’s care, never stood-up on its own for family, society and the country.  The Indian women do not need to be taught about her responsibilities as she learns them from her childhood.

India from the ancient times, worshiped women as Goddess.  Each and every Indian epics will usher to this fact.  Every Indian woman is being called ‘Grahalakshmi’.  Nowhere in the world, one will find women are acclaimed to this high position. Its Indian women to feel proud of such admiring.

Now the game starts.  Are the Indian women are deserving of such qualitative appreciation of calling ‘Grahalakshmi’, even today?  Sadly, no!  Women in the search of money, be it Indian or any other countries, be it for running their own family’s sake or for the sake of lavish family life, definitely lost their hold in the home.  Husbands are left uncared in most the cases, being women are working with the different shifts, they unable to follow up their husband’s ins and outs.  Men are being careless by nature, in most of the cases, movements of children are simply ignored.  Old people in the house, irrespective of any side, will obviously have chance blame both, especially the working woman.  After working with a hectic schedule in the offices, where she will be able to address these issues?

One of my classmates, a woman, commented such high appreciation, calling a woman as ‘Grahalakshmi’ is as enticing tactics.  She said that by throwing these alluring terms, Indian women are treated as slaves in their own houses.  How Sad!  I really felt bad such misinterpretation.  No house will prosper without due respect to the women in the family.  I have even seen some houses where women were dominating personalities.  Even to the level that I have witnessed the houses in which women were main bread winners, where household men were treated very unpleasant way.  Women where with highly paid salary treated disrespectfully in the low paid husbands, I am told.  I tried my best part to convince her the role of women in Indian society, but ended with disappointment sadly.  She was always talking about the rights of women’s freedom in every field.  Fine!

The right they should fight for, not mere women freedom, but for the right of education to the every girl child;

The right they should fight for, to bring-down the crime rates against women;

The right they should fight for, is stop the domestic violence against them;

The right they should fight for, job equality in both government and private sectors;

The right they should fight for, an equal place in the armed forces;

The right they should fight for, an equal space in science and technology sectors.

As far as Indian women are considered, the family first and the others next.  No country woman takes the role that an Indian woman takes.  The genetic quality of Indian women for caring the family is not been seen any other part of the world, it is evolved generation by generation.  The place of Indian women in the society cannot be filled by men, indeed.


Author: Balaji Canchi Sistla

On 8-3-2017 at 9.30 AM, Hyderabad

A psychological approach towards human behaviour

Human beings, as a social animal, tend to behave such behaviours that are destructive to own and others.  In the process of successful living, humans never hesitate to lie, cheat, steal and kill oneself or even others.  Science has dealt this subject very deeply only to find out as to why an intelligent species on the earth behaves in a spiteful way.

University of Massachusetts psychologist Robert Feldman claims that, “It’s tied in with self-esteem. We find that as soon as people feel that their self-esteem is threatened, they immediately begin to lie at higher levels.”  Even for no reason, people lie only to establish oneself as better than the rest.  Psychologists could not trace out that how extend, one can go on saying lie.

Theft is another typical human behaviour that is persisting thousands of years, even after human civilization has reached to a better level of living year after year.  In most of the cases, theft is motivated; either for a need or for a thrill.  A study reveals that when contacted several people they admitted that they shoplifted at least once in their lifetime for any of the above two reasons.  Probably theft is in our genes or else why some people do it for the sake of thrill even though one can afford to buy it.  Stealing for others’ sake is very seldom one can see.

When come to the behaviour of cheating, it is merely a lack of ethics in one’s mind.  A child that which did not learn about ethics from the parents in its childhood time, would probably end up as a cheater in social structure such as human relationships.  However, all above behaviours would vanish gradually as a child grows and develops self-confidence.  In most of the cases a child that lacks self-confidence, would continue to do regularly or as and when some opportunity flashes.

As a grown individual, psychological behaviour of individual human depends on the situation that one undergoes at that time or the situation that one underwent already.  These two will have the severe impact of person when they deal with the things/people in their day to day activity.  However, observed or shared result of others does influence to some extent.  Ultimately, this impact will change to time to time with the outcome of the gaining experience and self-confidence.  Scientists from Universities of several countries studied and done research work on human psychological behaviour or on the words psychological approach of human beings.

In most cases of research, all human beings behave alike across the globe in certain things.  One such experiment was done by Harvard and Kent State University on ‘missing events that what’s right in front of us’.  In 1988, researchers from Harvard and Kent State University chose pedestrians on a college campus to determine how much people notice about their immediate environments.  In the experiment, a deputed person sent to a pedestrian and asked for directions.  While the pedestrian was giving the directions, two men carrying a large wooden door, walked between the deputed person and the pedestrian, completely blocking their view of each other for several seconds.  During that time, the deputed person was replaced by another with a different outfit, haircut and voice.  Most of the participants didn’t notice this substitution.  The experiment was one of the first to illustrate the phenomenon of ‘change blindness’, which shows just how selective human beings are about what we take in from any given visual scene.  Further, it strongly asserted that human beings rely on memory and pattern-recognition significantly more than what kind of thinking in their mind.  This experiment is also proved that the information asked penetrates more deeply in the minds than that the face of the person who asked irrespective of his/her clan, colour, attire, etc., when two people meet in a short time.  This kind of human behaviour is more precisely being dealt in the criminal cases in the courts of law, as witness’s short time seeing of human face or outfit is more important in the crime scene.

Human communicates and behaves in different occasions in line with his temperament and power one has.  The psychological reason behind this fact is that those in power sometimes act towards others with a sense of entitlement and disrespect.  “When researchers give people power in scientific experiments, they are more likely to physically touch others in potentially inappropriate ways, to flirt in more direct fashion”, according to psychologist Dacher Keltner, one of the study’s leaders, wrote in an article for UC Berkeley’s Greater Good Science Centre in 2003 (Source: huffpost.com).  This misuse of power was very obviously observed in offices, colleges and of course in politics worldwide.  There are numerous cases registered against higher officials by their subordinates in the corporate offices; students claim misbehaviour activity by the teachers, professors; common pubic and political party members against political leaders, especially in South Asian Countries.

Transparent activity by the empowered people with monitor of cross functional teams in their respective areas, perhaps, would resolve this kind of misbehaviours.  A strong political will with dedication and people oriented governments only can implement such activities.

In a study which dealt human relationships with love and affection towards one can also change the behaviour of person.  It can be in either way, adverse or affectionate.  Love and affection that one person gets or interrupted would lead to change the behaviour of a person. A study from Harvard Grand in a period of 75 years on human relationships revealed this.  The study expressed that love really is all that matters, at least when it comes to determining long-term happiness and life satisfaction.  The long-time Director for this study, Mr. George Vaillant, Psychiatrist revealed that there are two pillars of happiness.  “One is love.  The other is finding a way of coping with life that does not push love away”.  For that he also gives an instance, one participant began the study with the lowest rating for future stability of all the subjects and he had previously attempted suicide, but at the end of his life, he was one of the happiest.  Why?  As Vaillant explains, ‘he spent his life searching for love’.

Every now and then we always hear from other sources or read from newspapers that so many crimes, be it simple assault, be it killing other human, were ultimately ended with lack of love or interrupted love.  Human, by nature extends and expects love to others and from others.  Human is basically a lover of love and affection.  Time, situation, experience of others and self, will play a vital role in one’s life.  Being a social animal, human always thrives for love.

Human, in general, is a multi-face personality.  Upon available of opportunity one behaves badly and one behaves well in accordance with the need.  This is generally deliberate or may be natural.  In most of the cases, different behaviour with different areas and different people are basically self-experience oriented.  Although it might change in accordance with the outcome of the situation, sometimes the mind-set of one, hardly changes.  Human’s multi-face personality doesn’t give so much of adverse effect in most of the time but used only to handle the situation, in a rare situation it does few adverse impacts on others.  Such cases happened very seldom occasions.

A child behaviour cannot be compared with that of a matured man.  However, a grown and matured man does express his child like behaviour sometimes and some people even behave childish too.

In a rare occasions,  some children behave like matured.  This, however, is dealt as ‘Karma Sidhdhantha’ in Hinduism – a vast subject to discuss.  The modern science does not talk much about this.

Humans make mistakes and learn from them, in fact humans learn from others’ mistakes too.  Making mistake is psychologically required as it allows one to learn and boosts self-confidence when one resolves the problem.  A child who tries to walk independently, falls frequently but learns to walk quicker than the one which sits all the time on father’s shoulder.

Hundreds of stories from the prisoners would reveal more and more human behavioural aspects.  Most of the crimes are done with the situation demand or inappropriate knowledge of worldliness.  Such crime makers would reveal their inability to negotiate the situation, had they got a chance to talk, and had they understood the situation with matured way, they, perhaps would have never done such crimes.  Human, as a whole, all fit for peaceful living by nature, only analytical tendency towards other’s mind with respect to the situation and status, is required to overcome psychological barriers among fellow humans.

Author: Balaji Canchi Sistla

On 15-12-2016 @ 6.30 pm, Hyderabad

Life to live, not to leave halfway!

In the era of technological development, all are in speed.  Plane, Train, Bus, Car, Internet and what not.  In the restaurant, we need a speedy delivery of food.  In the petrol bunk, we seek speedy service.  In the office, your boss obviously expects a speedy service from you.  People are habituated to speed with their day to day life! It is speed everywhere!

That’s fine, does this speed really good to mankind?  Is the speed the measuring unit in quality of work anymore?  Does the speed will only solve our all sort of problems of humankind?  Have we ever thought that we are heading in the right direction?  Is the speed a boon or a bane?

With the advent of speedy technological advancement, humankind has lost its footsteps towards the correct direction of life style!  We missed the bus somewhere in the last 20 years, but time is still there to catch right directions now, for that only realization and analyzation are required.  If we continue to travel in the same direction that which ultimately leads to a catastrophe stage, no doubt we will have the credit of destroying our future generation with our own hands.  Are we prepared for that?

On the other hand, we need to think of corrective action to maintain the speed as well as a befitting life.  We need a better life for us and for our future generation.  We need a better life model for our future followers.  All we have to do now is, just think of present scenario, realize the faulty areas, analyze the solution and rejuvenate the life for better.

In the speedy world today, we have money to spend for our needs; we don’t have time to spend with family.  We have time to dedicate for our official work; we don’t have time to dedicate to our family expectations.  We have earned enough money, even more than enough, but all that for what purpose?  We have earned money at the cost of our health; havn’t we?  How much of wealth can regain your lost health?

Pay money, get the work done, is rapidly trending now. If money alone can complete all our needs every place, feeling and emotions of humankind have no value thereafter. Technological development should complement the human lifestyle; on the contrary, it derails from the track. We need a medicine to resolve our health problems, not to enhance it further, don’t you think?

Once we used to go to the Bank and Post Offices for services. We used to interact with the staff there and a cordial relationship was maintained always. Off the work, we maintained the relationship with the staff, there was no materialistic relationship at all.  There was no any mere money oriented service then. The scene has changed now. We don’t know even the name of the persons in the Bank.  We visited the Bank on the first few days during opening the account, that’s it!  Now, you don’t need to go Bank only to open an account but do it online straight away.  Neither Bank knows you personally, nor you know the staff…. What a relationship!

The other day, I went to my Bank for some password unlocking of my account which was by mistake locked.  As one of the staff (she recognizes me well and speaks nicely whenever I go there) was slightly busy in a temporary work which made me to sit some time.  During this period, I happened to hear the conversation between one account holder and the other bank staff.  The account holder was seeking some info and the staff was not able to satisfy him with the info and finally the staff had thrown a terrible question to the account holder, ‘do you have an account here?’  By now, the account holder lost his temper.  Later the Manager intervened and resolved it amicably.

This scene instigated a point in me.  Although it is very much possible to find out with the account number from which bank, he belongs to, but the scene could have been averted to worse, had the staff-customer relationship was maintained personally.  Poor customer who maintained an account in the Branch for years and he was not recognized by the Branch staff.  Sometimes the human relationships beyond the family, help a lot and maintains a smooth pathway between the customer and vendor, don’t you agree?

We make things work speedy, but personal life gets slower, since we could not maintain the same rapport in personal life. Speed is good, but not the best. I saw young chaps who work in the Pizza Centers, put their life at risk, only to deliver the Pizzas at the right time. They take very dangerous cuts on the road while ride their bikes. What made me feel bad is when I asked one of these guys as to why they take such risk in their life to deliver the Pizza, I got an instant reply from him that if they could not deliver it on time, then the Pizza is free for customers.  I asked him, ‘so what?  why do you worry about this, do you lose the job by this anyway?’  He laughed and said, ‘no sir, I won’t lose the job, but the cost of the Pizza, I am delivering late, will be deducted from my salary’.  I was shocked by hearing this. Mere for few hundred rupees these guys are putting their life at risk. The management does not care about this. How sad! This is what the speed gives us! Money is lost, nothing lost…. You can always gain it again. Life is lost, you lost everything.

In an another heartbroken incident, a girl who was working in a multinational IT company, committed suicide just because she could not deliver the project on time and stress from management forced her to do so. She could not complete the project quickly and the mental agony that she had at that time drove her for such an extreme step. Managements seek speedy performance, lest one will face the speedy exit. It does not show even any micro development of humankind nor a decent relationship between employees and management.

Such cases are very common now-a-days.  The time limitation is good and necessary to complete the work and it should not complete the life of the person who deals.  A warning or an increment cut or a transfer to other departments would suffice if the work is not done on time.  Managements which are stressing the staff repeatedly to complete it on time would ultimately lead to such life taking incidents only.  The Time bound jobs must be planned thoroughly an alternate way, if the job is not done on time, well before the commencement of the job, rather than giving mental agony to the staff by the means of stress. Providing such jobs, the managements should think of this.  After all, life is precious than the job that is dealt, doesn’t it?

Everyone’s life goal should not be mere money making, but also life striving for better going. Speed might fulfill something, but not all. Speed required, but not speed alone required. Without speed a pot maker cannot make a wonderful pot.  With speed a sculptor cannot make a statue!  Having food in speed does not get digested correctly and leads to physical complications. Speed is a part of life, not just life.

We, the present generation, should take this responsibility to make it understand to the next generation as to how speed bound things to be handled.  Works may be speedy not our lives so speedy to leave this world.  Think of life, think of living.


Author: Balaji Canchi Sistla

On 29-4-2016 @ 1 pm, Hyderabad

Varnaasramam can still be practiced?

One wonders that Varnaasramam of those ancient Indian days are worth to follow or practiced even today in modern era of technological developments.  The Vedas and Sastras, the rituals (Sampradayam) or rules (Anushtaanam), the Yajnaas, Poojaas and Vrataas are still possible to follow or practiced?

Indians, tobe precise, Hindus were inseparable from their professions with respect to their religion right from Vedic period to till few centuries ago.  Life of Hindus without religion is unimaginable. With a day start and till the day end, every Hindu will dwell along Dharmic rules called Anushtaanam, Sampradayam and so on, may it be child-birth, schooling, profession, marriage or even death.  Hindu needs every aspects of his life is tobe encapsulated in a religious way.  Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma as it supposed tobe called, will never impose or compel to follow any rules, however it definitely would explain elaborately that by practicing what best fruit one can meet.  This is what we call ‘Karma’!

Based ones Karma, one gets the result, to understand in simple terms, it is a cause and effect.  The fruits of Karma vary from Yuga to Yuga.  Kaliyuga is most illusion based life style called Maya which will never allow you to follow these Anushtaanas as prescribed by our Vedas and Sastras.  Hence in this Yuga one tend to make more Adharmic series of actions which will ultimately accumulate Papa Phala which otherwise called result of sin.  Those who could overcome this Maya or Illusion will succeed to the path of Punya or virtue.

Now the question arises one’s mind that how to overcome Maya?

Let us introspect this here.  With respect to one’s accumulated Punya and Papa, the Moksha (salvation), Swargam (heaven) and Narakam (hell) is decided after the death.  Narakam, according to Garuda Puranam has different kind of punishment for different type of sins done by human; the punishment goes from few times to so many years.  Garuda Puranam further says that to bring down the Naraka Yatra or duration of punishment period for departed soul is possible if their siblings do their Pitru Karmas precisely and periodically.  However, with the severity of humans’ sins, the punishment will be higher and higher for a long period, say, few thousand years.  With the help of good deeds during their life time one can ease their Naraka Yatra although you cannot avoid completely if you done more sins than good deeds.  Good deeds such as Poor Feeding, shelter for Poor, unconditional help to the needy, construction or helping for maintenance of temple, Devatha Aaradhana, performing Yajna for public welfare, practicing Anushtaanam and following your Varnaasaramam Dharma.

Most of us know the meaning of Varnaasarama or division of a sect of people based on their profession.  Unfortunately, the very idea of Varnaasaramam was misinterpreted deliberately by vested interest people year after year in past more than 600 years, only to break the integrity of this system, by means they could rule this rich country with the aim of swallowing the resources and spoil the culture.   The importance of following this system was delinked first and discontinued later for several years as there was no proper channel to preach its vitality to the society.  In the recent past, after the freedom, most political parties with the only interest of occupancy of power had messed the Varnaasaramam with caste system for their political advantages.  The matter of fact, Varnaasaramam has no role to play in present caste system, but still it is significantly wrongly used by the politicians, is the sad turning point for India.

As you know based on one’s Varnaasaramam, the duties are prescribed in Vedas.  Although these are not met in the present society because of life style and heavy financial commitments.  The needs have increased in the upcoming lifestyle with no barrier in their desire.  People have gone changing themselves beyond their level of reach, which forces to commit more sins in their day-to-day life.  Obviously no one has time to look after even their siblings and children, where they have time to help others and worship God and extend the services to religious activities.  Even if it is done, it is just name sake only, no any inherent feeling anybody has.  Earning money has become the primary motto in the society, sadly.

In this scenario, where is the chance of following Varnaasramam?  Well, as an English maxim goes, ‘where there is a will there is a way’, one can follow his Varnaasrama without giving up ones present lifestyle, but little inclination to sacrifice to strive for this.  Is it still possible? Yes it is.

For a case in point, consider the one of the Varnaas people, Brahmins.  The main duty of a Brahmin is to live for other three Varnaas.  A Brahmin should not be self-centered but to perform Yajnas and Pujaas to the welfare of the society that which consists of all four Varnaas.  He should perform Trikala Sandhayavandanam, daily Agnihotram, Veda Parayanam, Veda Adhyayanam, Deva Aradhana and political and Dharmic consultancy to the ruling king and other common pubic as and when required.   If a Brahmin does all these things in a day where he will earn for his livelihood?  Since a Dharmic Brahmin dedicates himself for the welfare of the society, the rest of the other three Varnaas should take care of his livelihood and his family.

Now come to the present day.  Today’s Brahmin is not a Brahmin of those days.  For his livelihood, he does so many other works which is not supposed tobe taken-up by him.  He thinks it is inevitable, however he still can perform his Anushutaanam within his time frame.  Veda study is not a part of their life for most of the present day Brahmins. Minimum doing of Sandhyavandam is vanishing all over now by all three Varnas viz., Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaishya. The ‘pratha sandya’ should be done in Aruna Kaalam i.e., start before sunrise and continue Japa until Sunrise, say 6.30 – 6.45 in the morning.  The second one, ‘Maadhyanam’ should be done at midday, i.e., at 12 noon.  The third one should be done once he returns from office 6 O’ clock in the evening until 7.30 pm he can start and finish.  If a Brahmin who cannot meet these timings at home for Sandhyavandanam but intention to do, still he can do.  During that period wherever he is, can sit in a clean area, after washing his hands and legs and do it with least Gayathri Mantra ie., 10 with a ‘Sankalpam’.  If time and place is available,  one should do it in elaborated way, if not, make it simple but continue without break every day.   Apart from Trikaala Sandhyavandanam, a working Brahmin does other rituals along like Pooja, Agnihotram, Veda Parayanam, etc., would be considered more sacred from his part.

Consider a Yadava who can still work anywhere and run simultaneously his cow breeding business.  By this way he gives employment to others also and fulfills his Dharma.

For Kshatriyas, there is no Kingdoms to rule now but being protector of the society he can best fit for Army and Police jobs.  However if he is in other jobs, he can still do the same in his leisure time to the society.  Whatever best can be done from available sources and resources should be thoroughly analyzed and implemented.

With the high influence of Western system and Culture, Indian and Hindu rituals are slowly forgotten.  The very purpose of Anustaanam is not given importance which will ultimately lead to a mess in the society.  Varnaasaramam made with the intention of protecting the Hindu society not to discriminate any, as in the present day caste system.

I can narrate one befitting example for this.  In Ramayana, Rama, Sita and Lakshmana along with Guha going to Bharatwaja Rishi Ashram to meet him. Bharatwaja Rishi offers seats to all as a matter of hospitality. Everybody sit on the seat except Guha who by his own sits on the floor.  When Rishi asks why he sits on the floor, Guha claims that he is from fourth Varna hence it is not good to sit along with all other two Varnas, viz., Brahmana and Kshatrya.  The Bhartwaja Rishi enlightens Guha that we all are being children of Almighty, no Varna people are higher or lower by their birth or profession, all should be treated equally in the society.  Further he says that the time Rama proclaimed Guha as his friend as well as brother, where is the matter of high or low from then?

Hence, if Varnaasarama in this country is protected, then India is protected, Hindus are protected and no doubt, surly our Sanatana Dharma will be protected ultimately.

Authored by: Balaji Canchi Sistla

Hyderabad on Feb 8, 2016 @ 3.00 PM

Love Marriage or Lovable Marriage?

In India, the term love marriage is used only to describe a marriage which is decided upon by the couple without consulting their parents. These marriages intended to break the caste, community and even religion barriers, posing that this would parallel the caste differences among different communities. However, such marriages are socially not acceptable still and often found and proved in most of the cases as unreliable foundations. India, which has a strong root in arranged marriages with solid reasons to defend so, never accepted such marriages, although the increasing love marriages are weeding everywhere.

With the advent of Moghuls and Western culture in India centuries ago, native culture and rituals left unattended by most of the Indians slowly since then. The British did it deliberately to break the unity among Hindus by misinterpreting Indian caste system called Varnashrama. Let’s have a glance on Varnashrama.

The Rig Veda enjoins that human society is divided into four Varnas. The Varna system is therefore not man-made but of divine origin. Even Lord Sri Krishna preaches the same in Gita that people are allocated to a specific Varna according to two criteria, namely Guna and Karma where Guna refers personal qualities and Karma refers aptitude for a type of job one opts. No mention of Varna is determined by the birth of one, HE further insists.

In one Sloka our Sastras explain this like this:

Janmana jayate sudrah
Samskarat dwij uchchte
Veda pathnat bhavet viprah
Brahma janati iti brahmanah

This explains, ‘by birth one is a Sudra (lowest caste, according to present misinterpreted way of caste system), by the purification process one becomes a Dvija (known as twice born, when three Varnas viz., Brahmana, Kshatriya and Vaishya are becoming Dvija after the sacred thread ceremony is done) by study of the Vedas one becomes a Vipra (a scholar) and one who knows Brahman is a Brahmana’.

One not to be confused with the creator God Brahma or the priestly class of Brahmanas or what is called by the English ‘Brahmin’. It is possible to understand precisely the Hindu deities only when one surpasses the above stages. In Hinduism, most adherents venerate one or more Gods, but regard these as manifestations of ‘Ultimate Reality’ which is behind the Universe and all the Gods called by different names, but most commonly Brahman. In the Rig Veda, Ultimate Reality is referred to ‘the one’. It is referred as ‘Purusha’ in Purushasukta. So is the ‘Brahman – the Purusha – the One’ are refer to several deities’ names for understanding in the initial stage of growing your knowledge of Hinduism.

The above description differentiates to understand the Varnashrama from the present caste system in India. This Varans system was de-tracked very conveniently in the later years, thanks to the English. The term ‘Caste’ actually derived from the Portuguese term ‘Casta’, which means purity of descent. The Varnashrama and present caste system are not same, although they look identical, while Varnashrama refers to a system which promotes social mobility whereas the present caste system is rigid and hereditary – Please refer Rig Veda for more information.

The very purpose of Varnashrama was all the time misinterpreted, misjudged and the present caste system came to existence. Thus Invaders made the path much easier to establish, dominate and later rule India, which is a known story to everybody.

Casteism was projected as a sin to this country and shown as an example, as to how the rest of the World are better than us without caste system. It is laughable, one to know that caste system was introduced by the invaders of this country and later it was criticized by the same invaders. What was not told by our own people to our next generation is that how the casteism came to exist in this country. There is a persisting gap developing generations after generations. Barring a few, most of the present generation who maintains their surname which denotes from which caste they come from, are also still struggling to stay-in. It was further demoralized by British loyal Indians of this country with a suggestion of inter-caste marriages, for only solution to eliminate casteism in India.

Marriages are not for two individuals, let us first accept this. If two individuals’ mere merger is marriage and that solves the entire casteism problems, then families have no meaning in the society. The Indian society, especially Hindu families, consist of so many different customs, rituals, habits, clothing methods, food habits and so on, will consider all the above as values of their ancestors and will defenitely intend to sustain in the generations to come. Loving couples might undergo severe problems in terms of ritual practice, food habits and so on, when they think to marry who have come from different environments. Is it enough to perform a marriage if two individual people who understand each other and it doesn’t matter a family of their respective origin? Don’t they interact and participate with their respective families in future courses in their perpestives? How do they maintain harmony among those two families when they against their family and marry? Individuals remain one and two families would remain two forever. Are marriages the only solution for present casteism problems? Certainly not!

It is nothing to do with high level thinking or good heart for accepting such marriages. Inter-caste or inter-religion marriages are only successful when two families also merge along with the individuals. This is a rare scenario in this country. Most of the families from which a boy or a girl marries with other caste, hardly find a decent place in the society is the hard fact, whether one accepts it or not. The worst scene comes later in their life when their children grow older and get ready for marriages. They cannot expect everybody in the society is as good thinking as them to make a relationship in the name of marriage of their children. The living example for this, is very much available. It would be difficult for these couples to settle a marriage for their children with any one of the caste they belong to. In the end of the day, delayed or another inter-caste marriage would take place. In some cases, people spend life without marriage just because of their parents’ high level thinking marriage.

Endogamy refers to marriage between members of the same Varna. This is to produce cultured children of high pedigree. In practice, parents often insist that their children’s partners belong to the same Varna and even same Jati. Children rejecting parents’ wishes have caused the Hindu community to re-evaluate caste practices. Another theory goes around the society is that Dowry system can be completely eradicated if such love marriages are practiced.  That’s an optimistic thought indeed!  Unfortunately, it is evident that even in the love marriages, the dowry system is prevailing.  In some worst cases, the financial transactions are unimaginable .

Marriages, generally, are best suitable for same clan. Jumping out of this system is only successful when two families of the loving individuals are also merge with each other in terms of sharing and practicing in an amicable situation. Such family merger is lovable marriages, otherwise it is a merger of two individuals merely which remain only as love marriages.

The younger generation of this country should be more analytical on this whether they want to merge alone and keeping aside their parents whom raised them up and faced numerous challenges in their life for these children’ betterment, or see that the merger of families of both loving individuals, hence the love marriages will become lovable marriages.

The ball is left to present generation’s court, whether they want a ‘love marriage’ or ‘lovable marriage’ forever!

Balaji Canchi Sistla
6-11-15 @ 1 pm

Can verdict of the courts be questioned?

In 1993 Mumbai serial blast, which took the lives of 257 people and wounded more than 700 people irrecoverably. One of the convicted persons Yakub Memon was pronounced to death by the bench 3 Judges. Yakub was hanged to death on 30th July, 2015 as he was declared as driving force for serial blast. It was ascertained in the investigation of his relation to alleged activity such as conspiracy and financing the serial bomb blasts in Mumbai.

In view of Yakub’s execution, it broke-out a lot of simulated comments from Indian politicians. The statements of few irresponsible politicians and pseudo activities declared it as partiality in judgement towards one community.

“Death sentence should also be given to Babu Bajrangi, Maya Kodnani, Lt. Col. Purohi and Swami Aseemanand”

– Asaduddin Owaisi, Hyderabad MP (DC 31/7/15)

How lawmakers of this country question the law delivers? By directing the Judges, Asaduddin Owaisi made it clear that he is unsatisfied and ridiculed the judgement. Now, one wonder whether the apex Court is still retaining its power to deliver the verdict on its own or working under the directions of some lawmakers of this country? Is it just because Yakub Memon was happened to be a Muslim, so it is polarized?

First time in the apex court history, it functioned in wee hours only to consider the rejection of Yakub’s mercy plea to the President. By this it is concrete that India and its judicial system do not show any discrimination whatsoever. Although it is crystal clear to call the bench of judges to finalize the death sentence as it has merit to do so, this consideration of calling bench of judges in the pre-dawn time re-establishes the government and judicial systems’ commitment as ‘100 culprits can escape but not even one innocent should be punished’.

In a sad turn, our irresponsible politicians did not feel it in a right perspective, instead, they came out with strong objection to our judicial system which is highly regrettable and condemnable. With no nation-first feeling in mind, AICC general secretary Digvijay Singh, shamelessly commented the verdict of the apex court. In his statement, he claimed that, “I have my doubts the way the cases of other terror accused are being conducted. Credibility of the Govt. and judiciary system is at stake”. Adding fuel to further, he also said that, “Exemplary urgency and commitment has been shown by Govt. and Judiciary in punishing an accused of terror. I hope similar commitment of Govt. and judiciary would be shown in all cases of terror irrespective of their caste, creed and religion”. Enough to demoralize the common public’s opinion on judicial system and more than enough to insult the judges involved in this case and apex court. How community comes-in when terrorism strikes in any country?

Being educated and matured politician and been a CM for several years, did he not understand this? No… it is not that he did not understand, but dared to polarize this and find a way to gain the vote bank from Muslim community. India is the only multi-religion country in the World, where all sects of the society can reach the higher positions of the Government. Mr. Digvijay Singh’s was playing cheap politic cards and by this he insulted the Indian judicial system and Judges.

In the apparent example, the entire Nation bowed its head down to the mortal body of noble man of the century, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam and paid its respect for the endless commitment and patriotism without any communal discrimination. At the same time, it is proven by hanging Yakub to death that when Nation matters, no religion, no caste, no gender discrimination will be considered.

In a another political drama by the same Congress party man, Mr. Tharoor was ‘saddened’ by the news of handing terrorist Yakub, because he was a human being. What about those who died in the 1993 serial bomb blasts? Were they animals? He further garnished his statement by saying, “By killing him, it diminishes us to murderers too”. What a shame Mr. Tharoor! Do any one presume executing an execution by court order is murder? Are the Judges are murderers in this context? Is it unjust to execute an execution of convicted? Was Yakub a just accused and not convicted? Is our judicial system so gone-down to that of any other Muslim country where communal partiality only shown? What is your stance exactly Mr. Tharoor?

In a court trial in 2006 Sept. 12th, Yakub made a statement that, “We (Muslims) have already been branded as terrorists and shall face the consequences” (Who will face consequences, India?). In another incident, he also told the TADA Judge, JN Patel that, “Tiger (Is he mentioning, Dawood?) was right in telling me that I should not go to India with family as we would be hounded”. If his statement was right, all the Muslims in India are targeted like this? Are the Muslims not treated equally as Abdul Kalam? No Muslim was made the highest position of Indian Govt. as President? Was not a Muslim made the highest position of apex court as CJI? Was any difference in Kasab and Yakub other than the Nationality?

In an argument, the lawyers of Yakub said he can’t be hanged for at least 14 days after his mercy plea was rejected. It seems it is okay for them if hanged after 14 days. The last hope was a mercy plea to the President and that was rejected, then for what reason the hanging should be delayed? The Supreme Court rejected all the arguments and said, ‘ample opportunity had been given to Yakub to prove his innocence and given an opportunity for mercy plea which was also rejected’. In this consequences, the apex court felt that, ‘if we have to stay the death warrant it would be a travesty of justice and did not find any merit in the writ petition’, it claimed. Despite the clear statement by the apex court, the Yakub’s lawyers said, ‘it was a tragic mistake and a wrong decision’.

Should the apex court watch all these and keep calm? How come a judgement of apex court is commented in public and that too by practicing lawyers. If the Judges remain calm when the credibility of the judgement is challenged, the rest of the common public will be forced to think the status of the law in the country.

Any silence of the Apex Body of the Courts, would send the wrong signal to rest of the World that Indian judicial system is partial. All though India and its judicial system strive for ‘justice to all’ irrespective of caste, creed and religion, if such remarks by politicians and others left unattended, would never bring the credibility in justice in India in global perspective. Judges of Indian courts must awake and answer these questions, lest India, perhaps, would be proved to be another communal country.

What is the response by Judges for these questioning people?

– Balaji Canchi Sistla

Friday, July 31, 2015 @ 10:02:17 AM